Author(s): S. Subasree

Email(s): Email ID Not Available

DOI: Not Available

Address: S. Subasree
I year BDS, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 7,      Issue - 10,     Year - 2014


ABSTRACT:
An estimate of about 108 million people in India suffers from endocrine and metabolic disorders. Several of these diseases are caused by environmental factors; therefore, their prevalence is several-fold higher. Thyroid disorders are the most common among all the endocrine diseases in India and hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are more frequent in women. Functional studies of the goitrous subjects showed overall prevalence of 5.4% hypothyroidism, 1.9% hyperthyroidism. 7.5% prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis was demonstrable by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Hypothyroidism refers to any state that results in a deficiency of thyroid hormone, including hypothalamic or pituitary disease and generalized tissue resistance to thyroid hormone, and disorders that affect the thyroid gland directly. Clinically hyperthyroidism, also called as thyrotoxicosis, is caused by the effects of excess thyroid hormone. Goiters can be any one of several types of growths in the thyroid gland, located at the base of the front side of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. In case of Graves’ disease, the entire thyroid gland becomes enlarged. Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the gland. The thyroid gland produces hormone that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. Thyroid cancers are three times more common in women than in men. There are of four types – papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic. The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified and they include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation, and certain hereditary syndromes.


Cite this article:
S. Subasree. Prevalence of Thyroid Disroders in India: An Overview. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 7(10): Oct. 2014 Page 1165-1168.


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): V. Padmaharish

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00190.6         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): R. Suresh, D. Benitojohnson, C. Maheswari, R. Venkatnarayanan, R.Manavalan

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00128.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Aniruddh Menon, M.S.Thenmozhi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00307.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sangeeta S. Tanavade, Smt. Nilofer Naikwade, Dhanyakumar D. Chougule

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mahadeva Rao U.S., Suganya M. Utharkar, C. Shanmuga Sundaram

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00307.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sathishkumar Venkatachalam, Lokeshkumar Boobathi, Maruthaiveeran Periyasamy Balasubramanian

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ashwini Shenai

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00119.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): K. Thangavel

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00651.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Aiman Zafar, Pratibha Ramani, Anuja N, Herald J Sherlin, Gheena, Dr. Abhilasha R, Giffrina Jayaraj, . K. R. Don, M

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00333.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Kandukuri Lakshmi, S. Ramachandran

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00654.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Batool Ibrahim Hussain, Hussein Jasim AL-Harbi, Maysaa Adil

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00105.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sahar H. Al-Hindawi, Noori M. Luaibi, Batool H. Al-Ghurabi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00551.6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): F. Mariyam Niyas, Savitha G

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00798.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

0.38
2018CiteScore
 
56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus


SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Recent Articles




Tags