Author(s): Nur Asma Amirah binti Rosli, Santhanathan A/L Rajendram, Gouri Kumar Dash, Enrico Magosso, Sengamalam Radhakrishnan, Kumarasamy Gandla, Ravindran Muthukumarasamy

Email(s): ravindran@unikl.edu.my

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00383   

Address: Nur Asma Amirah binti Rosli1, Santhanathan A/L Rajendram1, Gouri Kumar Dash1,2, Enrico Magosso1, Sengamalam Radhakrishnan1,3, Kumarasamy Gandla4, Ravindran Muthukumarasamy1*
1Universiti Kuala Lumpur Royal College of Medicine Perak, 30450 Ipoh, Malaysia.
2Department of Pharmacy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
3Surya School of Pharmacy, Villupuram, Tamilnadu, India. 605652.
4Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Chaitanya Deemed to be University, Hanamakonda, Telangana, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 17,      Issue - 6,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
Knowledge of pharmacognostic standardisation is crucial in the field of herbal research. Christia obcordata (Poir.) Bakh.f. and Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh.f., commonly known as ‘butterfly wing’ are ornamental plants belonging to the family Fabacae. Christia vespertilionis is believed as a promising anti-cancer agent and is consumed by the old folks of Malaysia in the form of decoction. Moreover, these plants have also been used to treat bronchitis, urinary blockage, and improve blood circulation. Despite the listed medicinal properties, there is no evidence in literature of the pharmacognostic standardization on the aerial parts of these plants.Hence, the current study will evaluate the pharmacognostic standardization parameters on the aerial parts of Christia obcordata (Poir.) Bakh.f. and Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh.f. Standardisation of these plants was carried out using macroscopic studies, microscopic studies, physicochemical parameters, and phytochemical investigation. Macroscopic showed both plants have similar characteristics in the followings, shape, phyllo taxis, margin-entire, leaf type, and powder microscopy results showed the upper cuticle, upper epidermis, palisade cells, vascular bundle, spongy mesophyll, phloem fibers, sclerenchyma, xylem vessels, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, lower epidermis, lower cuticle, parenchyma, stomatal index, vein number, vein islet, and palisade cells are studied as important key differentiating features on the selected plants. Phytochemical screening on the aerial part extracts presence of steroid, flavonoid, tannin, alkaloid, and carbohydrate on both plants. Fluorescence analysis was carried out individually on the four different extracts and was examined under daylight and U.V light at a wavelength of 254nm and 365nm. To conclude, based on this research finding, the study can be a standardization tool for these plants, providing ease in identifying and determining the purity and quality of the investigated plant.


Cite this article:
Nur Asma Amirah binti Rosli, Santhanathan A/L Rajendram, Gouri Kumar Dash, Enrico Magosso, Sengamalam Radhakrishnan, Kumarasamy Gandla, Ravindran Muthukumarasamy. Pharmacognostic Studies on Christia obcordata (Poir.) Bakh. f. and Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh. f. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(6):2452-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00383

Cite(Electronic):
Nur Asma Amirah binti Rosli, Santhanathan A/L Rajendram, Gouri Kumar Dash, Enrico Magosso, Sengamalam Radhakrishnan, Kumarasamy Gandla, Ravindran Muthukumarasamy. Pharmacognostic Studies on Christia obcordata (Poir.) Bakh. f. and Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh. f. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(6):2452-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00383   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-17-6-2


REFERENCES:
1.    Dash GK. Hashim MHB. Hassan AKR. Ravindran M. Pharmacognostic Studies on the Leaves of Annona muricata Linn. Pharmacog J. 2021; 13(1): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.5530/pj.2021.13.34
2.    Chanda S. Importance of pharmacognostic study of medicinal plants: An overview. Jounal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2014; 2(5): 69-73.
3.    Swapnil G. Patil AS. Standard Tools for Evaluation of Herbal Drugs: An Overview. The Pharma Innovation. 2013; 2(9): 60-61.
4.    Dash GK. An Appraisal of Christia vespertilionis (L.F.) Bakh F.: A Promising Medicinal Plant. International of Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phtochemical Research. 2016; 8(6): 1037-1039.
5.    Whiting PA. Commercial Production of Christia subcordata Moench by Establishing Clutural Practices and Applying Plant Growth. University of Georgia Theses and Dissertations. Retrieved from https://athenaeum.libs.uga.edu/handle/10724/24521. Accessed on 8th Nov 2022.
6.    Ravindran M. Dash GK. Sengamalam R. Vignesh R. Red Butterfly wing (Christia vespertilionis (L. f) Bakh F.): a potential anticancer and antiplasmodial herb under threat of survival in Malaysia. Malays. J. Med. Health. Sci. 2019; 15(3): 154.
7.    Daniela Hofer GSW. Christia vespertilionis plant extracts as novel antiproliferative agent against human neuroendocrine tumor cells. Spandidos Publications. 2013; 29(6): 2219-2226. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2013.2367
8.    Smitha SRJ. Anatomical Profiling and Phytochemical Analysis of Christia vespertilionis (L.F.) Bakh. F. International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. 2019; 9(1): 40-50.
9.    Harish C. Upadhyay BS. Novel Antiplasmodial Agents from Christia vespertilionis. Natural Product Communications. 2013; 8(11): 1591-1594. https://doi.org/10.1177/1934578x1300801123
10.    Garnock-Jones P. Note on some folklore drugs and remedies of the Law group, FIJI. South Pac J Nat Sci.1983; 4: 4-8.
11.    Retrieved from http://www.efloras.org. Flora of China 10: 289-290. 2010. CHRISTIA Moench, Suppl. Meth. 39. 1802 (Available from http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2andtaxon_id=106920)
12.    Hamidun Bunawan. Siti Noraini Bunawan. Syarul Nataqain Baharum. The Red Butterfly Wing (Christia vespertilionis): A Promising Cancer Cure in Malaysia. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 7(8): 1-1.
13.    Patil SG. Wagh AS. Pawara RC. Ambore SM. Standard tools for evaluation of herbal drugs: An overview. The Pharma Innovation. 2013; 2(9): 1-6.
14.    Khan W. Mujum A. Shaikh T. Katekar SM. Tambe R. Rub RA. Pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical investigation of Salvadora persica Linn (Salvadoraceae). Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2010; 2(4): 319-23.
15.    Mukherjee PK. Quality control and evaluation of herbal drugs: Evaluating natural products and traditional medicine. Elsevier; 2019 May 30.
16.    Evans WC. Trease GE. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Baillière, Tindall and Cassell; The West African Medical Journal. Nigeria: University College. 1966.
17.    Mahitha B. Archana P. Ebrahimzadeh MH. Srikanth K. Rajinikanth M. Ramaswamy N. In vitro antioxidant and pharmacognostic studies of leaf extracts of Cajanus cajan (L.) millsp. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 77(2): 170. https://doi.org/10.4103/0250-474x.156555
18.    Muthukumarasamy R. Kamaruddin A. Radhakrishnan S. Comparative evaluation of different extraction methods for antioxidant activity from Citrus hystrix peels. Drug Invention Today. 2018; 10(8): 1458-1462.
19.    Neha B. Honey J. Ranjan B. Mukesh B. Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical investigation of Acorus calamus linn. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2012; 2(1): 39-42.
20.    Ranjith D. Fluorescence analysis and extractive values of herbal formulations used for wound healing activity in animals. J Med Plants Stud. 2018; 6(2): 189 - 192.
21.    Rajabudeen E. Ganthi AS. Subramanian M. Pharmacognostical Studies on Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers. (Fabaceae). Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2014; 6(4): 190-4.

Recomonded Articles:

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

1.3
2021CiteScore
 
56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus


SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Recent Articles




Tags


Not Available