Author(s): Tin Moe Nwe, Bedanta Roy, Khin Than Yee, Than Than Htwe, Myo Than, Soe Lwin, Myat San Yi, Swe Swe Latt, Thida Than

Email(s): tinmoenwe@unikl.edu.my

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00196   

Address: Tin Moe Nwe1, Bedanta Roy2, Khin Than Yee1, Than Than Htwe1, Myo Than1, Soe Lwin3, Myat San Yi4, Swe Swe Latt5, Thida Than6
1Preclinical Department, Royal College of Medicine Perak, Universiti of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Quest International University, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
3Surgical Based Department, Royal College of Medicine Perak, Universiti of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Suri Seri Begawan Hospital, Brunei.
5Department of Public Health Medicine, RCSI and UCD Malaysia Campus, Penang, Malaysia.
6Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, SEGi University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 17,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
Nasal anthropometry is among the best clues to racial origin and sexual determination. The nose's shape and structure differ between genders, races, and ethnicities. The understanding of nasal anthropometry is applied in forensic medicine, nasal reconstruction surgery, and naso-facial dysmorphology identification. This research aimed to investigate the anthropometry of the external noses among Malay and Chinese university students in Sarawak. A total of 80 university students (40 males and 40 females) aged between 18 and 25 participated. The nasal height, length, width, and philtrum length were measured anthropometrically using a slide calliper. Malay males had significantly more nasal width than females (p<0.05). Nasal width, philtrum length, and nasal index were significantly higher in males than female Chinese students (p<0.05). The philtrum length was significantly longer in Chinese students than in Malays (p<0.05). Further study can be done by using a larger sample size to obtain a better representation of the particular ethnicities. In conclusion, sexual dimorphism and ethnic differences can be observed in the anthropometry of the external noses among Malay and Chinese in Sarawak.


Cite this article:
Tin Moe Nwe, Bedanta Roy, Khin Than Yee, Than Than Htwe, Myo Than, Soe Lwin, Myat San Yi, Swe Swe Latt, Thida Than. Anthropometric measurements of the external nose among Malay and Chinese: A Cross-sectional study from Sarawak, Malaysia. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(3):1256-1. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00196

Cite(Electronic):
Tin Moe Nwe, Bedanta Roy, Khin Than Yee, Than Than Htwe, Myo Than, Soe Lwin, Myat San Yi, Swe Swe Latt, Thida Than. Anthropometric measurements of the external nose among Malay and Chinese: A Cross-sectional study from Sarawak, Malaysia. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(3):1256-1. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00196   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-17-3-47


REFERENCES:
1.    Mascie-Taylor CN, Yasukouchi A, Ulijaszek S, editors. Human variation: from the laboratory to the field. CRC Press; 2010 Mar 17.
2.    Khan N, Leela V, Annavarapu G. A study of craniofacial anthropometrics in Hyderabad (Deccan)-and a review of literature. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences. 2012 Aug 31; 2(2):54.
3.    Jimoh RO, Alabi SB, Kayode AS, Salihu AM, Ogidi OD. Rinometria: espectro do perfil nasal entre os africanos da Nigéria. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 2011; 77:589-93.
4.    Paul O, Yinka OS, Taiye AS, Gift AM. An anthropometric study of some basic nasal parameters of three major ethnic groups in Kogi State, Nigeria. Am J Clin Exp Med. 2015; 3(2):62-7.
5.    Staka G, Dragidella F, Disha M. Anthropometric study of nasal index of the Kosovo Albanian population. Antrocom Online Journal of Anthropology. 2012; 8(2)457-62.
6.    Esomonu UG, Ude RA, Lukpata PU, Nandi EM. Anthropometric study of the nasal index of Bekwara, ethnic group of cross river state, Nigeria. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences 2013;5(10):1262-5.
7.    Otobo T, Tarimobo‐Otobo R. The Clinical Significance of Nasal Index in Ethno‐Racial Specific Rhinoplasty. The FASEB Journal. 2015 Apr;29:697-1.
8.    Farkas LG, Katic MJ, Forrest CR. International anthropometric study of facial morphology in various ethnic groups/races. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2005 Jul 1; 16(4):615-46.
9.    Antibor E, Etetafia MO, Eboh DE, Akpobasha O. Anthropometric study of the nasal parameters of the Isokos in delta state of Nigeria. Ann Biol Res, 2011; 2(6)408-13.
10.    Tubbs RS, Michelson J, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan MR, Salter EG, Oakes WJ. The transverse genicular ligament: anatomical study and review of the literature. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. 2008 Feb; 30:5-9.
11.    Othman S, Majawit LP, Hassan WNW, Wey MC, Razi RM. Anthropometric study of three-dimensional facial morphology in Malay adults. PloS one, 2016; 11(10):e0164180.
12.    Ngeow WC, Aljunid ST. Craniofacial anthropometric norms of Malays. Singapore medical journal. 2009;50(5):525.
13.    Wai MM, Thwin SS, Yesmin T, Ahmad A, Adnan AS, Hassan AA, Ahmad N, Zakariah NI. Nasofacial anthropometric study among university students of three races in Malaysia. Advances in Anatomy. 2015 Jan 22; 2015.
14.    Oladipo GS, Eroje MA, Fahwehinmi HB. Anthropometric comparison of nasal indices between Andoni and Okrika tribes of Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2009 Apr; 1(4):135-7.
15.    Sharma SK, Jehan M, Sharma RL, Saxena S, Trivedi A, Bhadkaria V. Anthropometric Comparison of nasal parameters between male and female of Gwalior region. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2014 May; 1(5):57-62.
16.    Kaushal S, Patnaik VV, Kaur P. Somatometric analysis of nasal morphology in the endogamous groups of Punjab. Hum Biol Rev. 2013; 2(1):1-1.
17.    Oladipo G, Fawehinmi H, Suleiman Y. The study of nasal parameters (nasal height, nasal width, nasal index) amongst the Yorubas of Nigeria. Internet J Biol Anthropol. 2008; 3(2):457-62.
18.    Chen F, Chen Y, Yu Y, Qiang Y, Liu M, Fulton D, Chen T. Age and sex related measurement of craniofacial soft tissue thickness and nasal profile in the Chinese population. Forensic science international. 2011 Oct 10; 212(1-3):272-e1.
19.    Ozdemir ST, Sigirli D, Ercan I, Cankur NS. Photographic facial soft tissue analysis of healthy Turkish young adults: anthropometric measurements. Aesthetic plastic surgery. 2009 Mar; 33:175-84.
20.    Xu B, Wang Y, Ma J, Li M, Xu L. A computer-aid study on the craniofacial features of Archang race in Yunnan province of China. Hua xi kou Qiang yi xue za zhi= Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi= West China Journal of Stomatology. 2001 Dec 1;19(6):394-6.

Recomonded Articles:

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

1.3
2021CiteScore
 
56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus


SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Recent Articles




Tags


Not Available