Author(s): Kiran, Saloni Kakkar, Vandana Garg

Email(s): vandugarg@rediffmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00174   

Address: Kiran, Saloni Kakkar, Vandana Garg*
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, M.D. University, Rohtak, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 17,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
Nyctanthes arbour-tristis belongs to the Oleaceae family and is known as Harsingar. Harsingar is an important Indian medicinal plant; traditionally, harsingar is used to treat skin diseases including piles and scalp itching infections, and used as a laxative, diaphoretic, and in chronic fever. N. arbour-tristis microscopic and powder microscopy revealed the presence of stomates, gland cells, vein islet, and trichome. Carbohydrates, amino acids, steroids, coumarin glycoside, flavonoids, alkaloids, and tannins were discovered in preliminary phytochemical analysis. All of the studies were carried out in accordance with WHO guidelines. Quantitative analysis of N. arbour-tristis was done through total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and total tannin content. Leaves of N. arbortristis were screened for antimicrobial potential against S. typhi, S. aureus, B. subtilis, E. coli by using the MIC method, and chloramphenicol was taken as standard. Among all extract, N. arbour-tristis chloroform extract shows maximum antimicrobial potential.


Cite this article:
Kiran, Saloni Kakkar, Vandana Garg. Pharmacognostic and Antimicrobial Evaluation of leaves of Nyctanthes arbour-tristis. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(3):1114-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00174

Cite(Electronic):
Kiran, Saloni Kakkar, Vandana Garg. Pharmacognostic and Antimicrobial Evaluation of leaves of Nyctanthes arbour-tristis. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2024; 17(3):1114-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2024.00174   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-17-3-25


REFERENCES:
1.    Singh B, Das S, Maithi A. Antioxidant Property for lipophilic extract of Strobilantheskunthiana flowers. Indian Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Biotechnology. 2014; 2(1): 1005. ISSN: 2321-5674(Print) ISSN: 2320 – 3471(Online)
2.    Girach RD, Aminuddin. Ethnomedicinal studies on harsingar-a less known medicinal plant in Unani Medicines, Hamdard Med. 1994; 37(2): 60-66.
3.    Narendhirakannan RT, Limmy TP. In vitro antioxidant studies on ethanolic extracts of leaf, stem and root of Sidarhombifolia L. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2010; 1(2).
4.    Solanki M, Rajhans S, Pandya HA, Mankad AU. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn: A short review. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2021;10(3). DOI:10.20959/wjpps20213-18575
5.    Mathuram V, Kundu AB, Mondal DN, Banerjee S, Patra A. A reinvestigation of the structures of arbortristosides A and B from Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. Journal of Natural Products. 1991; 54(1):257-60. DOI: 10.1021/np50073a028.
6.    WHO Guidelines: Quality of herbal medicines with reference to contaminants and residues, World Health Organization, Geneva. 2007.
7.    Manjunathan J, Kumar M, Kaviyarasan V. Taxonomic Studies on Lentinus tuberregium (GQ292711) Tamil Nadu, India. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2011; 4(3):484-9.
8.    Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacognosy. ed. 15. W.B. Saunders, International edition. 2008.
9.    Preeti, Jain A, Kumar G, Karthik L, Rao KV. Phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of Ficus elastica Roxb. (Moraceae) leaves. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2015;8(3):259-64.10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00043.8.
10.    Khandelwal KR. Practical Pharmacognosy: Techniques and Experiments. ed. 13. Nirali Prakashan, Pune, India.18-19, 24-25, 160, 149-153. 2005.
11.    Anonymous. Indian Pharmacopoeia (I.P.). Govt. of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Controller of Publication, New Delhi. 2018.
12.    Panda SK, Das D, Das C. Phytochemical Investigation, Physicochemical analysis and Pharmacognostical Studies of Root of Gmelina arborea Roxb. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2016; 9(1): 44-8.  10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00008.1   
13.    Raj R, Chandrashekar KS, Maheshwari R, Polu PR, Pai V. Pharmacognostical study of Syzygium caryophyllatum L. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2016; 9(10): 1653-7.10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00333.4   
14.    Kaur P, Kataria SK, Singh B, Arora S. Pharmacognostic profile of Trigonella corniculata L. seeds and effect of its aqueous extract on growth inhibition of cancer cells. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2018; 11(5): 2022-9.  10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00375.X
15.    Dewanto V, Wu X, Adom KK, Liu RH. Thermal processing enhances the nutritional value of tomatoes by increasing total antioxidant activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2002; 50(10): 3010-4. DOI: 10.1021/jf0115589.
16.    Lydia J, Sudarsanam D. Total phenol and total tannin content of Cyperus rotundus L. and its medicinal significance. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2012; 5(12): 1500-2.
17.    Makkar HP, Singh B. Determination of condensed tannins in complexes with fibre and proteins. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 1995; 69(1): 129-32. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2740690119
18.    Sheth PA, Pawar AT, Choudhari GB, Chandrakant S. More. Phytochemical Content and Antioxidant Property of Polyherbal Formulation, RaktavardhakKadha. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(11): 4931-4.10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00828  
19.    Saeed N, Khan MR, Shabbir M. Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of whole plant extracts Torilisleptophylla L. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012 Dec;12:1-2. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-12-221.
20.    Rajisha K, Fernanades J. Pharmacognostic and Preliminary Phytochemical Investigation of Exacumbicolor Roxb. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(4): 1752-6.  10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00316.9
21.    Balouiri M, Sadiki M, Ibnsouda SK. Methods for in vitro evaluating antimicrobial activity: A review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis. 2016; 6(2): 71-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpha.2015.11.005
22.    Kalaivani R, Chitra M, Gayathri U. Hypoglycemic and Antimicrobial Activity of Pterocarpus marsupium roxb. Group. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2011; 1(85.3): 3-1.
23.    Siju EN, Rajalakshmi GR, Vivek D, Hariraj N, Shiniya RV, Shinojen MK, Pravith KV. Antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts of cleodendrumviscosum. Vent. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2009; 2(3): 599-600.

Recomonded Articles:

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

1.3
2021CiteScore
 
56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus


SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Recent Articles




Tags


Not Available