Author(s): Ramanamoorthy Kandula, Rupali S. Jain, Sandhya Kandula, B. Surendranath Reddy

Email(s): , , ,

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00687   

Address: Ramanamoorthy Kandula1,2*, Rupali S. Jain2, Sandhya Kandula3, B. Surendranath Reddy2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, B V Raju Institute of Technology, Narsapur, Medak - Dist. T.S., India - 502313.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded, M.S., India - 431606.
3Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Vishnu Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Narsapur, Medak - Dist., T.S., India - 502313.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 16,      Issue - 9,     Year - 2023

The insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a peptide hormone that is regulated by growth hormone and secreted in the liver; its prime role is to regulate the growth and proliferation of the bone cell. Our study results relate to the cause of bone cancer due to high IGF-1 levels in liver metastatic conditions. Liver cancer increases the liver volume which further increases IGF-1 secretion to a toxic level, which in turn causes uncontrolled bone cell proliferation and maturation thus leading to bone cancer. Thus, the mathematical model was designed to explain the kinetics of IGF-1 from the liver to bone and mathematically simplified using the ordinary differential equation, and IGF-1 concentration was estimated in the normal and cancerous state. The mathematical simulation was done using a high throughput technique using MATLAB (version R2020a). The model parameter condition due to liver cancer is considered as an increase in liver volume (vL), The initial mass of IGF-1(x01), and the varying rate constants (kP, kL, ke1, and ke2). The graphical results represent the volume of the liver and synthesis of IGF-1 increases with varying abnormal rate constants giving the estimation of an increase in IGF-1 concentration in plasma, and more IGF-1 deposits over the bone to a toxic level.

Cite this article:
Ramanamoorthy Kandula, Rupali S. Jain, Sandhya Kandula, B. Surendranath Reddy. Mathematical Model of Insulin-like growth factor-1 estimating its cause in human bone cancer arises due to liver cancer. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(9):4199-4205. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00687

Ramanamoorthy Kandula, Rupali S. Jain, Sandhya Kandula, B. Surendranath Reddy. Mathematical Model of Insulin-like growth factor-1 estimating its cause in human bone cancer arises due to liver cancer. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(9):4199-4205. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00687   Available on:

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