Author(s): Emilin Zacharias, Poornima A Manjrekar, Sowndarya K, Sindhu


DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00591   

Address: Emilin Zacharias, Poornima A Manjrekar, Sowndarya K, Sindhu*
Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 16,      Issue - 8,     Year - 2023

Multiple myeloma is a malignant plasma cell disorder identified with M spikeon serum protein electrophoresis (SPE) during routine laboratory work up. This study aimed to analyze the utility of laboratory tests suchas SPE, immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE), CBC, RFT, LFT, calcium, phosphorus, beta 2 microglobulins, LDH, serum-free light chain assay (SFLC), Bence Jones Proteinuria (BJP), BM biopsy, BM smear and radiological evidence for lytic lesionsin cases of paraproteinemia. Data for the above parameters from 2017 January to 2021 March were obtained from the data management system of the central lab. Biochemical parameters were correlated with M spike value using Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficient (P-value <0.05 will be significant).7.7% SPE reports had M spike with a mean age of 64 years in males and 63 years in females (male/female ratio, 1: 0.76). M spike showed a significant positive association with total protein, globulin, uric acid and negative association with albumin. IgG kappa type (51%) predominant in IFE reports. The common presentation from hematological data was normocytic normochromic anemia with occasional rouleaux formation. Osteolytic lesion was present in 86% of reported cases. Associated biochemical, hematological, and radiological correlates of the positive cases could be documented in only less than 20% of the positive cases. Ours is a tertiary care hospital and the associated lab is also a reference lab where samples from in and around the city are tested. After the preliminary SPE, it could be possible that the patients were further evaluated and continued treatment at some other facility.

Cite this article:
Emilin Zacharias, Poornima A Manjrekar, Sowndarya K, Sindhu. Analytical correlation of Laboratory tests with clinical findings in cases of Paraproteinemia. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(8):3583-7. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00591

Emilin Zacharias, Poornima A Manjrekar, Sowndarya K, Sindhu. Analytical correlation of Laboratory tests with clinical findings in cases of Paraproteinemia. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(8):3583-7. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00591   Available on:

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