Mohammad A. Al-Ghazali, Majed AbuKhader, Ramy A. Attia, Malak A. Al-Tahan, Mohammed S. Aqrawi
Mohammad A. Al-Ghazali*, Majed AbuKhader, Ramy A. Attia, Malak A. Al-Tahan, Mohammed S. Aqrawi
Department of Pharmacology and Biology, College of Pharmacy, National University of Science and Technology, Muscat, Oman.
Volume - 16,
Issue - 10,
Year - 2023
Scientists encourage using honey as an alternative therapy for some infectious disease due to the development of bacterial resistance against antibiotics and decreased some of their effectiveness in clinical practice. Different types of honey have different actions and activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of the therapeutic benefits and precautions of using natural honey among medical sciences students. This is a cross-sectional study that used through a survey questioner which was created using Google form tool and was distributed to undergraduate medicine (MD) and pharmacy students (B. Pharm) in Muscat, Oman. The results of this study found that Omani honey was mostly preferred by 53.4% of the participants. Although honey rich in health benefits it was concluded that 58.2% of participants never advised by a doctor to use honey for a certain medical condition. It was found that 71.9% not aware about anti-inflammatory effects of honey to reduce eye inflammation. While more than 70% know about efficiently of cosmetics uses of honey. Moreover, almost half of the participants (49%) seem to be unaware of the suitable age to start taking honey which may be fatal to infants. Therefore, parents should be warned not to give honey to their new-born to prevent them from the botulism toxicity. The awareness about the benefits of honey is accepted in some consideration while insufficient in the awareness precautions of using honey with children under the age of 12 months which may be fatal.
Cite this article:
Mohammad A. Al-Ghazali, Majed AbuKhader, Ramy A. Attia, Malak A. Al-Tahan, Mohammed S. Aqrawi. Knowledge and Awareness of the Therapeutic Benefits and Precautions of Natural Honey Consumption among students. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(10):4911-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00796
Mohammad A. Al-Ghazali, Majed AbuKhader, Ramy A. Attia, Malak A. Al-Tahan, Mohammed S. Aqrawi. Knowledge and Awareness of the Therapeutic Benefits and Precautions of Natural Honey Consumption among students. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(10):4911-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00796 Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-16-10-66
1. Abdelhamid K. Laouini S. Rebiai A. Mesbahi M. Zidane M. Bouafia A. Physicochemical, Antioxidant and Antibacterial properties of two types of Honey products in EL Oued Region. Asian J. Research Chem. 2021; 14(2):103-107.https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-4150.2021.00018.3
2. El-Soud NH. Honey between traditional uses and recent medicine. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012; 5: 205-214. https://doi.org/10.3889/MJMS.1857-5773.2012.0213
3. Eteraf-Oskouei T. Najafi M. Traditional and Modern Uses of Natural Honey in Human Diseases: A Review. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 2013; 16(6): 731-42. https://doi.org/10.22038/IJBMS.2013.988
4. Aishwarya SS. Gowri V. Chellathai DD. Honey a Therapeutic Trial in Osteosarcoma. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2019; 12(6): 2959-2962. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00498.0
5. RegupriyaM. Effect of topical application of honey on oral mucosa among patients with head and neck cancer undergoing Radiation therapy at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, Coimbatore. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2020; 10(2):127-129.https://doi.org/10.5958/2349-2996.2020.00028.2
6. Zam W.Harfouch R. Ali R. Atfah Y. Mousa A. Natural extracts and honey based impregnated gauze wound dressing preparation and in vitro antibacterial efficacy. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2018; 10(1): 01-07.https://doi.org/10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00001.8
7. Mohamed SH.Elshahed M. Saied YM. Evaluation of Honey as an Antibacterial Agent against Drug-Resistant Uropathogenic E. coli strains. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(8):3720-3724.https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00658.7
8. Zam W. Harfouch R. Bittar S. Sayegh M. Antibacterial activity of various Syrian honey types against Pseudomonas aueruginosa. Res. J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochem. 2017; 9(2): 73-76.https://doi.org/10.5958/0975-4385.2017.00013.9
9. Kalia P. Kumar N.Harjai K. Preventive effect of Honey bee propolis on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infected BALB/c mice: A Hematological Study. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(7): 3389-3393.https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00602.2
10. Othman Z. Zakaria R. Hussain NHN. Hassan A. Shafin N. Al-Rahbi B. Ahmad AH. Potential Role of Honey in Learning and Memory. Med Sci (Basel). 2015;3(2):3-15.https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci3020003
11. Burlando B.Cornara L. Honey in dermatology and skin care: A review. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2013; 12(4):306–313. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12058.
12. Salla HR. Al Habsi FS. AL Dholi HM. Al musallami ST. Al Shaji WH. A comparative study on the role of Omani honey with various food supplements on diabetes and wound healing. Journal of King Saud University - Science, 2020; 32(3):2122–2128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2020.02.016
13. Bobiş O. Dezmirean DS. Moise AR. Honey and Diabetes: The Importance of Natural Simple Sugars in Diet for Preventing and Treating Different Type of Diabetes. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2018;2018:4757893. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4757893
14. Meo SA. Ansari MJ. Sattar K. Chaudhary HU. Hajjar W. Alasiri S. Honey and diabetes mellitus: Obstacles and challenges – Road to be repaired, Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2017; 24(5): 1030-1033. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.12.020
15. Ahmad NS. Ooi FK. Saat IM. Mohamed M. Effects of Post-Exercise Honey Drink Ingestion on Blood Glucose and Subsequent Running Performance in the Heat. Asian J Sports Med. 2015; 6(3): e24044. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.24044
16. Aureli P. Franciosa G.Fenicia L. Infant botulism and honey in Europe: A commentary. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 2002; 21(9): 866–868. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006454-200209000-00016
17. Chetehouna S. Derouiche S. Atoussi O. Guemari I.Physico-chemical Analysis, Phytochemical content and Antioxidant properties of honey dates "Robe" of some Algeria date variety from Oued Righ and Oued Souf regions. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2022; 15(6):399-3.https://doi.org/10.52711/0974-4150.2022.00070
18. Zeghoud L. Ben Seghir B.Hemmami H.Zeghoud S. Ben Amor I. Kouadri I.Rebiai A.Tliba A. Dia M. Aiba S. Conventional and Modern Analytical Methods used for Algerian Honey Authentication. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2022; 15(6):449-8.https://doi.org/10.52711/0974-4150.2022.00079
19. Bansal V. Medhi B.Pandhi P. Honey-a remedy rediscovered and its therapeutic utility. Kathmandu Univ Med J, 2005; Jul-Sep;3(3):305-9.
20. Grenda T.Grabczak M. Kwiatek K. Bober A. Prevalence of C. Botulinum and C. Perfringens Spores in Food Products Available on Polish Market. J Vet Res. 2017;61(3):287-291.https://doi.org/10.1515/jvetres-2017-0038
21. Küplülü Ö.Göncüoğlu M. Özdemir H.Koluman A. Incidence of Clostridium botulinum spores in honey in Turkey. Food Control. 2006; 17:222-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2004.10.004
22. Ciric M. Ignjatijevic S. Cvijanovic D. Research of honey consumers' behavior in province of Vojvodina. Ekonomikapoljoprivrede, 2015; 62(3):627–644.https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj1503627C
23. Abd Wahab MS. Othman N. Othman NH. Jamari AA. Exploring the use of and perceptions about honey as complementary and alternative medicine among the general public in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 2017; 7(12):144-50. https://doi.org/10.7324/JAPS.2017.71220
24. Batt PJ. Liu A. Consumer behavior towards honey products in Western Australia. British Food Journal, 2012; 114(2):285–297.https://doi.org/10.1108/00070701211202449
25. Wong D.Albietz JM. Tran H. Toit CD. Li AH. Yun T. Han J. Schmid KL. Treatment of contact lens related dry eye with antibacterial honey, Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2017; 40(6): 389-393.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2017.10.001
26. Shenoy R. Bialasiewicz A. Khandekar R. Al Barwani B. Al Belushi H. Traditional medicine in oman: its role in ophthalmology. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2009;16(2):92-6. https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-9233.53869
27. Tengku Muda TFM. Mohd Ismail ZI. Abdullah S. Bin Simbak N. Haque M. The Effects of Honey on Inflammatory Cells in Cigarette Smoke Affected Lungs in Rats: A Preliminary Study. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2014; 7(12): 1382-1386.
28. El Denshary ES. Al-Gahazali MA. Mannaa FA. Salem HA. Hassan NS. Abdel-Wahhab M. Dietary honey and ginseng protect against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatonephrotoxicity in rats, Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology. 2012; 64: (7–8):753-760. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etp.2011.01.012.
29. Kopała E. Balcerak M. Kuźnicka, E. Survey of consumer preferences on the bee product market. Part 1. Honey. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW - Animal Science, 2019; 58(2):153–158. https://doi.org/10.22630/AAS.2019.58.2.16
30. Eshete Y. Eshete T. A Review on the Effect of Processing Temperature and Time duration on Commercial Honey Quality. Madridge Journal of Food Technology, 2019; 4(1):158–162. https://doi.org/10.18689/mjft-1000124
31. Joseph CJ. Khoo TB. Lee KY. Flaccid paralysis in an infant associated with a dirty wound and application of honey. BMJ Case Rep. 2017; https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-218044
32. Abdulla CO. Ayubi A. Zulfiquer F. Santhanam G. Ahmed MA. Deeb J. Infant botulism following honey ingestion. BMJ Case Rep. 2012. 2012.https://doi.org/10.1136%2Fbcr.11.2011.5153
33. Cagan E. Peker E. Dogan M.Caksen H. Infant Botulism. The Eurasian Journal of Medicine; 2010. 42(2):92–94. https://doi.org/10.5152/eajm.2010.25
34. Gezu TH. Kebede H. Survey on honey production system, challenges and Opportunities in selected areas of Hadya Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development, 2014; 6(6):60–66. https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2014.0232
35. Utami CW.Harjono SW. Consumer Preferences for Attributes of Interest of Honey Products. Asian Business Research, 2017; 2(3): 26. https://doi.org/10.20849/abr.v2i3.212