Author(s): U.S. Mahadeva Rao, Thant Zin, Suganya M, Suganthi Pandian, Sri Nithya Siva Sangara, Sharmilah M. Mogan, Suntharesan Siva Rajah, Maizun Binti Mohamad Ali Khan

Email(s): thant@unisza.edu.my victortz51@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00037   

Address: U.S. Mahadeva Rao1, Thant Zin1*, Suganya M2, Suganthi Pandian1 Sri Nithya Siva Sangara1, Sharmilah M. Mogan1, Suntharesan Siva Rajah1, Maizun Binti Mohamad Ali Khan3
1Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 20400, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
2Post Graduate Student, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People’s College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
3Senior Medical Officer in Family Medicine, Klinik Kesihatan, Jalan Angsana, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 16,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Background: A wide-ranging scrutiny and impost of the precincts and variability of the physical activities on body mass index (BMI) relationship are crucial whether we are to comprehend how to best exploit and explore sports programming and participation for improved health. Aim: We are aiming to observe and understand the medical students’ BMI by doing physical activities. Besides, we will identify the obstacles and challenges faced by the students to balance their time after physical activities. Methods: Accordingly, screened the socio-demographic status; assessed involvement of medical students in physical activities; determined BMI among medical students and finally, correlated the physical activities with BMI. The study design used for this research is a cross-sectional study. Results: Results obtained include socio-demographic characteristics, sports participation and BMI category among medical students with physical activities. Conclusion: In general, our research revealed that only 35% of the MBBS students from UniSZA are doing physical activities. Students who are overweight and obese does not involve in any kind of physical activity but students who are having normal BMI involve themselves actively in physical activities. It shows that there is a relationship between physical activities and BMI.


Cite this article:
U.S. Mahadeva Rao, Thant Zin, Suganya M, Suganthi Pandian, Sri Nithya Siva Sangara, Sharmilah M. Mogan, Suntharesan Siva Rajah, Maizun Binti Mohamad Ali Khan. Effects of Physical Activity on Body Mass Index among Medical Students from East Coast Peninsular Malaysian Public University. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(1):200-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00037

Cite(Electronic):
U.S. Mahadeva Rao, Thant Zin, Suganya M, Suganthi Pandian, Sri Nithya Siva Sangara, Sharmilah M. Mogan, Suntharesan Siva Rajah, Maizun Binti Mohamad Ali Khan. Effects of Physical Activity on Body Mass Index among Medical Students from East Coast Peninsular Malaysian Public University. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2023; 16(1):200-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00037   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-16-1-37


REFERENCES:
1.    Hobbs M, Griffiths C, Green MA, Christensen A, McKenna J. Examining longitudinal associations between the recreational physical activity environment, change in body mass index, and obesity by age in 8864 Yorkshire Health Study participants. Social science and medicine. 2019 Apr 1;227:76-83.
2.    Arbeau K, Thorpe C, Stinson M, Budlong B, Wolff J. The meaning of the experience of being an online video game player. Computers in Human Behavior Reports. 2020 Aug 1;2:100013.
3.    A, S. K., C, G. H., Peter, O., and Chris, D. M. (2006). Exercise for overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003817.pub3
4.    Bertoli, A., Di Daniele, N., Ceccobelli, M., Ficara, A., Girasoli, C., and De Lorenzo, A. (2003). Lipid profile, BMI, body fat distribution, and aerobic fitness in men with metabolic syndrome. Acta Diabetologica, 40(SUPPL. 1), 130–133. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-003-0045-7
5.    Chaput, J., Klingenberg, L., Rosenkilde, M., Gilbert, J., Tremblay, A., and Sj, A. (2011). Physical Activity Plays an Important Role in Body Weight Regulation. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/360257
6.    Courneya, K. S., Karvinen, K. H., Campbell, K. L., Pearcey, R. G., Dundas, G., Capstick, V., and Tonkin, K. S. (2005). Associations among exercise, body weight, and quality of life in a population-based sample of endometrial cancer survivors. Gynecologic Oncology, 97(2), 422–430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2005.01.007
7.    Dinas, P. C., Markati, A. S., and Carrillo, A. E. (2014). Exercise-Induced Biological and Psychological Changes in Overweight and Obese Individuals : A Review of Recent Evidence. 2014.
8.    Kelley, G. A., and Kelley, K. S. (2015). Evidential Value That Exercise Improves BMI ? -Score in Overweight and Obese Children and Adolescents. 2015.
9.    Kim, Y., and Park, H. (2013). Does Regular Exercise without Weight Loss Reduce Insulin Resistance in Children and Adolescents ? 2013.
10.    WHO Expert Consultation. Appropriate body-mass index  in  Asian  populations  and  its  implications for  policy  and  intervention  strategies. Lancet 2004; 363: 157–63.
11.    Ministry of Health Malaysia Clinical Practice Guidelines on Management of Obesity, 2004.
12.    World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series 894. Geneva: WHO, 2000.
13.    Jackson A, Cole C, Esquiro J, Edwards M. Obesity in primary care patients in Kelantan, Malaysia: prevalence, and patients' knowledge and attitudes. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1996; 27(4): 776-79.)
14.    Rampal L, Rampal S, Khor GL, Zain AM, Ooyub SB, Rahmat RB, Ghani SN, Krishnan J. A national study on the prevalence of obesity among 16,127 Malaysians. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007; 16(3): 561-66.
15.    King, N., Levine, J. A., and Ross, R. (2011). Update on Exercise and Weight Control. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/358205
16.    Mork, P. J., Vasseljen, O., and Nilsen, T. I. L. (2010). Association between physical exercise, body mass index, and risk of fibromyalgia: Longitudinal data from the Norwegian Nord-Trøndelag health study. Arthritis Care and Research, 62(5), 611–617. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20118
17.    Samah R. Albataineh, Eman F. Badran, and Reema F. Tayyem, “Dietary factors and their association with childhood obesity in the Middle East: A systematic review,” Nutrition and Health, 2018, pp. 026010601880324.
18.    Wouters, E. J. M., Nunen, A. M. A. Van, Geenen, R., Kolotkin, R. L., and Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M. (2010). Effects of Aquajogging in Obese Adults : A Pilot Study. 2010. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/231074
19.    Susana Maria Coelho Guimarães Vale, Rute Marina Roberto Santos, Luísa Maria da Cruz Soares-Miranda, Carla Marisa Maia Moreira, Jonatan R. Ruiz, and Jorge Augusto Silva Mota, “Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in Preschool Children,” International Journal of Pediatrics, 2010, vol. 2010, Article ID 479439, 6 pages,. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/479439.
20.    Trishnee Bhurosy and Rajesh Jeewon, “Overweight and Obesity Epidemic in Developing Countries: A Problem with Diet, Physical Activity, or Socioeconomic Status?,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID 964236, 7 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/964236.
21.    Zuhaib F. Bhat, James D. Morton, Sue Mason, Alaa El-Din A. Bekhit, and Hina Fayaz Bhat, “Obesity and neurological disorders: Dietary perspective of a global menace,” Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 2017; 1–17.
22.    L. M. Hamel, L. B. Robbins, and J. Wilbur, “Computer- and web-based interventions to increase preadolescent and adolescent physical activity: a systematic review,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2011;67 (2):251–268.


Recomonded Articles:

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

1.3
2021CiteScore
 
56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus


SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Recent Articles




Tags


Not Available