Author(s): S. Ramasamy, Keerti Sharma, Preeti Mishra, Reena Gupta, Jitendra Gupta, Amit Kumar Verma


DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00996   

Address: S. Ramasamy1, Keerti Sharma2, Preeti Mishra3, Reena Gupta4, Jitendra Gupta4, Amit Kumar Verma1*
1Department of Pharmacy, MJP Rohilkhand University Bareilly, U.P., India.
2Varun Arjun Medical College and Hospital, Banthra, Shahjanpur, U.P., India.
3Raja Balwant Singh Engineering Technical Campus Bichpuri, Agra, U.P., India.
4Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, GLA University, Chaumuhan- 281406, District - Mathura, U.P., India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 12,     Year - 2022

The great use of telecommunication technology propels new healthcare system of telemedicine through which diagnosis as well as treatment can be done in the remote areas. The ancient Greek language explain the terminology of telemedicine in the phrase of distance healing. As per WHO, Telemedicine is the delivery of health-care services, where distance is a critical factor, by all health-care professionals using information and communications technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation, and the continuing education of health-care workers, with the aim of advancing the health of individuals and communities. Historically the concept of teleconsultation was evolved in the first half of twentieth century when the data of ECG was communicated through telephone lines, this can be traced as first evidence of this unique healthcare system. Further the introduction of electrical system of telegraph as well as evolution of telephone revolutionized this system of healthcare. when the Technology of telemedicine help both patients as well as service providers in multiple ways involving physicians, surgeons, pharmacists, paramedical staff, IT and electronics engineers, government, hospitals and end user public Location is now a days no problem and therefore there is no limitation of the availability of healthcare facilities to such location or remote location. The biggest role in such development is played by the communication technology which may provide healthcare services to every nook and corner of the location. It can decrease the health staff pressure because in India WHO guidelines ask to maintain the ratio 1:1000 of doctor and Indian public compared to present 0.62:1000 ratio of doctor and public. The great advantage of this system is that in case of epidemic or pandemic like COVID 19 Telemedicine can keep the health staff are well general public free from contagious infection (COVID-19). There are a number of networking communication modes that can be applied, which may improve the patient compliance,dosage regimen can be managed in better fashion thus increase the longevity of person life. Disasters management during pandemics present unique challenges which can be addressed effectively as happened during the lockdown. This technology-based practice can break the infectivity chain of the transmission of communicable diseases This chapter incorporates basic concept of telemedicine, its origin and types, communication technologies, services by telemedicine, types of telemedicine, tools of telemedicine, telemedicine software’s and guidelines related to practicingtelemedicine in reference to Indian context.

Cite this article:
S. Ramasamy, Keerti Sharma, Preeti Mishra, Reena Gupta, Jitendra Gupta, Amit Kumar Verma. Practicing Telemedicines in India. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(12):5909-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00996

S. Ramasamy, Keerti Sharma, Preeti Mishra, Reena Gupta, Jitendra Gupta, Amit Kumar Verma. Practicing Telemedicines in India. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(12):5909-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00996   Available on:

1.    Strehle EM and Shabde N. One hundred years of telemedicine: Does this new technology have a place in paediatrics? Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2006; 91(12): 956–959.doi: 10.1136/adc.2006.099622
2.    Sood SP, Negash S, Mbarika VWA, Kifle M and Prakash N. Differences in public and private sector adoption of telemedicine: Indian case study for sectoral adoption. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2007; 130: 257–268.PMID: 17917199
3.    World HealthOrganization. A Health Telematics Policy in Support of WHO'S Health-For-All Strategy for Global Development: Report of the WHO Group Consultation on Health Telematics, December, Geneva. 1997; pp. 11-16. Telematics _Policy_in_Support_of.html?id=WJ_6GgAACAAJ&redir_esc=y. (Accessed on June 1, 2020).
4.    Amudha R, Nalini R, Alamelu R, Badrinath V and Sharma N. Telehealth and telenursing – progression in healthcare practice. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2017; 10(8): 2797-2800. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00495.4
5.    Nalini R, Alamelu R, Amudha R, Badrinath V and Kumar DG. E-detailing –Empowering doctors in digital Era. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2017; 10(8): 2663-2667. DOI:10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00473.5
6.    Sorathiya V, Kapupara P and Shah K. Technology based patient education information. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2016; 9(1): 101-107.  DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00016.0
7.    Craig J and Patterson V. Introduction to the practice of telemedicine. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2005; 11(1): 3–9.doi: 10.1177/1357633X0501100102
8.    Einthoven W. Le telecardiogramme.International Archives of Physiology.1906, 4:132–164. (Translated into English, American Heart Journal 1957; 53: 602–615).
9.    Currell R, Urquhart C, Wainwright P and Lewis R. Telemedicine versus face to face patient care: Effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2000; 2: 1-36.doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002098
10.    Benschoter RA, Eaton MT and Smith P. Use of videotape to provide individual instruction in techniques of psychotherapy. Academic Medicine. 1965; 40(12): 1159–1161.doi: 10.1097/00001888-196512000-00006
11.    Dwyer TF. Telepsychiatry: Psychiatric consultation by interactive television. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1973; 130: 865–869.doi: 10.1176/ajp.130.8.865.
12.    Bhattacharya S. A Review of the application of automation technologies in healthcare domain. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2016; 9(12): 2343-2348. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00472.8
13.    Bhuvaneswari R and Umamaheswari S. e-Health Care: A techno medical revolution. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2018; 11(3): 964-968.doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00180.4
14.    Wootton R, Jebamani LS and Dow SA. E-health and the Universitas 21 organization: 2.Telemedicine and underserved populations. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2005; 11(5): 221–224.doi: 10.1258/1357633054471812
15.    Schreuder HWR and Verheijen RHM. Robotic Surgery. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2009; 116: 198-213.doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.02038.x
16.    Raison N, Khan MS and Challcombe B. Telemedicines in surgery: What are the opportunities and  hurdles to realising the potential? Current Urology Reports. 2015; 16 (7): 1-8.doi: 10.1007/s11934-015-0522-x
17.    Motha LCS, Nalini R, Alamelu R, Amudha R and Badrinath V. Health startups in India- A progression towards development. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2017; 10(12): 4175-4177. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00761.2
18.    Sharma MK and Srivastava VK. An Optimal ordering pharmaceutical inventory model for time varying deteriorating items with ramp type demand. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2018; 11(12): 5247-5252. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00957.5
19.    Verma AK. 5G to 6G in Robotic Telesurgery. IOT and Cloud Computing based Healthcare Information System. 2020. [in press]
20.    Fong B, Fong ACM and Li CK. Telemedicine Technologies: Information Technologies in Medicine and Digital Health. Willey. 2020; 2nd ed: p. 320.
21.    Heinzelmann PJ, Lugn NE and Kvedar JC. Telemedicine in the future. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2005; 11(8): 384–390.doi: 10.1177/1357633X0501100802
22.    Wootton R. Telemedicine support for the developing world. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2008; 14(3): 109–114. DOI:10.1258/jtt.2008.003001
23.    Jennett PA, Hall LA, Hailey D, Ohinmaa A, Anderson C, Thomas R, et al. The socio-economic impact of telehealth: a systematic review. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare.2003; 9(6): 311–320.doi: 10.1258/135763303771005207
24.    Al-Shorbaji N. e-Health in the Eastern Mediterranean region: A decade of challenges and achievements. East Mediterranean Health Journal.2008; 14(Supp.): S157–S173. PMID: 19205616
25.    Kifle M, Mbarika V and Datta P. Telemedicine in sub-Saharan Africa: The case of teleophthalmology and eye care in Ethiopia. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and  Technology. 2006; 57(10): 1383–1393. DOI: 10.1002/asi.20448
26.    Swanepoel D, Olusanya B and Mars M. Hearing health-care delivery in sub-Saharan Africa- A role for tele-audiology. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2010; 16(2): 53–56.doi: 10.1258/jtt.2009.009003
27.    Swinfen R and Swinfen P. Low-cost telemedicine in the developing world. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2002; 8(Suppl.3): S63–65.doi: 10.1258/13576330260440899
28.    Qaddoumi I and Bouffet E. Supplementation of a successful pediatric neuro-oncology telemedicine-based twinning program by e-mails. Telemedicine Journal and e-Health. 2009; 15(10): 975–982.doi: 10.1089/tmj.2009.0043
29.    Stanberry B. Legal and ethical aspects of telemedicine. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2006; 12(4): 166–175.doi: 10.1258/1357633981931632
30.    Resolution WHA58.28. eHealth. In: Fifty-eighth World Health Assembly, Geneva, May 16–25, 2005. gb/ebwha/pdffiles/WHA58/WHA5828-en.pdf. (Accessed on 17 June, 2020).
31.    Board of governors in supersession of the Medical Council of India. Telemedicines Practising Guidelines: Enabling Registered Medical Practitioners to Provide Healthcare Using Telemedicine. NitiAyog. 2020; March: 1-48.
32.    Keny SM and Shah K. Formulation and development of extended release ocusert for gemifloxacin mesylate with dexamethsaone. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(2):697-702. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00133.X
33.    Sakur AA andObaydo RH. PCCA Algorithm as a fingerprint resolution technique for the analysis of Ciprofloxacin in the presence of its acid induced degradation product. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(12): 5999-6006. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.01046.X
34.    Rajani T, Mahesh G and Reddy BCS. Formulation and evaluation of dexamethasone loaded cubosomes. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(2): 709-714. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00135.3
35.    Gupta R and Gupta J. Analyzing the impact of corona virus on mental health and clinical decision-making of elderly patients. Advances in Bioresearch. 2020; 11(5): 136-142. DOI:10.15515/abr.0976-4585.11.5.136142
36.    Gupta J. Analysis of clinical management and improved early symptom protection of coronavirus in adult patients. Bulletin of Environment Pharmacology and Life Sciences. 2020; 9(10): 25-31
37.    ISRO Telemedicine Initiative [Internet]. Available from: (Assessed on April 5, 2020)
38.    Ministry of External Affairs. Government of India [Internet]. (Assessed on April 5, 2020)
39.    Ministry of health and family welfare, Govt of India. National telemedicine portal [Internet]. Telemedicine division. Available from: (Assessed on June 15, 2020)
40.    National eHealth Authority (NeHA) | National Health Portal of India [Internet]. Available from: /national_eHealth_authority_neha_mtl .(Assessed on April 6, 2020)
41.    ICMR Project. Available from: (Assessed on April 22, 2020)
42.    Mor S, Saini P, Wangnoo SK and Bawa T. Worldwide spread of COVID-19 Pandemic and risk factors among co-morbid conditions especially diabetes mellitus in India. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(5): 2530-2532.DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00450.3
43.    Ahmad S, Shoaib A, Ali S, Alam S, Alam N, Ali M, et al. Epidemiology, risk, myths, pharmacotherapeutic management and socioeconomic burden due to novel COVID-19: A recent update. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(9): 4435-4442. DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00784.2
44.    KuserAK, Tarar SM, Kassid OM and Zayer NH.CNS and COVID-19: Neurological symptoms of hospitalized patients with coronavirus in Iraq: A surveying case sequences study. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(12): 6291-6294.DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.01094.X
45.    Sudhamony S, Nandakumar K, Binu P and Niwas SI. Telemedicine and tele-health services for cancer-care delivery in India. IET Communications. 2008; 2: 231–236. DOI:10.1049/iet-com:20060701
46.    AYUSH. AYUSH Telemedicine report [Internet]. 2018. Available from: . (Assessed on April 7, 2020).

Recomonded Articles:

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Recent Articles


Not Available