Author(s): Sanjana Subramanian, Haripriya Thiruvengadamani, Mythili Sathiavelu

Email(s): smythili@vit.ac.in

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00935   

Address: Sanjana Subramanian, Haripriya Thiruvengadamani, Mythili Sathiavelu
School of Biosciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 12,     Year - 2022


ABSTRACT:
The gastrointestinal tract of humans has trillions of bacteria, which are of vital importance to the proper functioning of the body. They are not only essential for the digestion and absorption of nutrients, but even play a part in the immune system and metabolism of humans. For instance, it has been observed that the microbiome of healthy individuals is significantly different from those of diseased individuals. Across all species, the commonly occurring bacterial phyla in the GI tract are Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. However, the proportion of these phyla have great diversity across species. In this review, we examine the similarities and differences between human gut microbiota with those of other animals and also the reasons for gut microbiota diversity, observing factors such as age, diet, and disease. By analyzing and observing such variations, effective treatments for GI diseases can be developed, common evolutionary history between species can be ascertained and developing healthy gut microbial environments may be possible.


Cite this article:
Sanjana Subramanian, Haripriya Thiruvengadamani, Mythili Sathiavelu. Comparison of Human gut Microbiota with other Animals. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(12):5541-7. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00935

Cite(Electronic):
Sanjana Subramanian, Haripriya Thiruvengadamani, Mythili Sathiavelu. Comparison of Human gut Microbiota with other Animals. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(12):5541-7. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00935   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-12-29


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