Author(s): Mohammed Mukhles Ahmed, Munaf Shallal Farhan, Anas Abdullah Hamad, Ali Ibrahim Edan

Email(s): moh.mukhles@uoanbar.edu.iq

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00810   

Address: Mohammed Mukhles Ahmed1, Munaf Shallal Farhan2, Anas Abdullah Hamad1, Ali Ibrahim Edan3
1University of Anbar, College of Science.
2Anbar Health Department, Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital.
3Department of Medical Laboratory Techniques, Al Maarif University College, Al-Anbar, Ramadi 31001, Iraq
4Al-Huda University College, Medical Laboratory Techniques Department.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 10,     Year - 2022


ABSTRACT:
The microbiota is a term used to describe the microorganisms that live in or on the human body. Microbiota clusters are located on the skin, in the gastrointestinal tract, mouth, vagina, and eyes. Our bodies contain trillions of microbes. Various environmental factors have a strong connection with the human health and illness and can cause intestinal microbial imbalances. The composition of this microbial population is host-specific, evolving over the course of life, vulnerable to exogenous and endogenous changes. The recent renewed interest in and function of this "organ system" underlined its central role in health and disease. The microbiota covers a variety of types of host physiology, from diet to action and stress response. The mechanisms through which microbiota has beneficial or adverse effects remain largely undetermined, but involve the production of signaling molecules and the recognition of bacterial epitopes via the immune cells both intestines and mucosa. Progress in the modelling and study of gut microbial products would increase our understanding of their health and illness functions, helping to customize current and potential therapeutic and prophylactic modalities. While several of these microbes perform functions that are vital to host physiology, they still pose the danger of breaching pathologies. Mammalian immune system plays an important role in preserving homeostasis with resident microbial species, ensuring that the host-microbial relationship's reciprocal existence is retained.


Cite this article:
Mohammed Mukhles Ahmed, Munaf Shallal Farhan, Anas Abdullah Hamad, Ali Ibrahim Edan. Role of Microbiota in Health and Disease. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(10):4825-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00810

Cite(Electronic):
Mohammed Mukhles Ahmed, Munaf Shallal Farhan, Anas Abdullah Hamad, Ali Ibrahim Edan. Role of Microbiota in Health and Disease. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(10):4825-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00810   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-10-83


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