Author(s): Swe SL, YT Liau, YJ Wong, SY Li, KC Chia, WK Lee, Leela A, Khaing IK, Devaraj. S

Email(s): sweswelattdr@gmail.com , swe.sl@rcsiucd.edu.my

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00782   

Address: Swe SL1*, YT Liau2, YJ Wong2, SY Li2, KC Chia2, WK Lee2, Leela A3, Khaing IK3, Devaraj. S4
1Department of Public Health Medicine, RCSI and UCD Malaysia Campus, Penang, 10450, Malaysia.
2MBBS, AIMST University, Kedah, 08100, Malaysia.
3Unit of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, AIMST University, Kedah, 08100, Malaysia.
4Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, AIMST University, Kedah, 08100, Malaysia.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 10,     Year - 2022


ABSTRACT:
Antimicrobial resistance is a global problem that will add to the healthcare system's burden and impose an increasing threat to Public Health. This study has evaluated knowledge, attitude, and medication practice on antibiotics (AB) and identified its association with socioeconomic characteristics. A cross-sectional study was conducted using an assisted self-administered questionnaire among 105 adult respondents at a selected residential area in Kedah. A student t-test, the Pearson correlation, and regression analysis were done for the analysis. Most respondents (86.7%) were aware of AB, and 42.9% had used it in the previous year. The respondents were confused about antibiotics knowledge, implying that AB kills germs (69.5%) and viruses (48.6%). Two-thirds of the respondents, 70%, had a moderate understanding of AB, but only a few can correctly recognize AB, its side effects, and the appropriate medication. More than half of the respondents, 58% and 53%, have a positive attitude toward AB and good medication practice. However, the majority are unaware that skipping one or two doses can result in ABR. Antibiotics are still misused, as more than half of the respondents did not always complete the entire course of medication. There was a weak positive correlation between knowledge and attitude scores (p<0.01). Since the respondents have had insufficient knowledge of AB, they may misuse it in the future, leading to increased microbial resistance. It is time to educate the public about the safe use of AB through periodic health education and focus group discussions.


Cite this article:
Swe SL, YT Liau, YJ Wong, SY Li, KC Chia, WK Lee, Leela A, Khaing IK, Devaraj. S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Medication Practice on Antibiotics among a rural population in Kedah, Malaysia. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(10):4660-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00782

Cite(Electronic):
Swe SL, YT Liau, YJ Wong, SY Li, KC Chia, WK Lee, Leela A, Khaing IK, Devaraj. S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Medication Practice on Antibiotics among a rural population in Kedah, Malaysia. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2022; 15(10):4660-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00782   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-10-55


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