Erlia Anggrainy Sianipar, Sanjayadi, Beatrice Lin, Monika Arvia Chiara, Agustina D R Nurcahyanti
Erlia Anggrainy Sianipar, Sanjayadi, Beatrice Lin, Monika Arvia Chiara, Agustina D R Nurcahyanti*
Department of Pharmacy, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia.
Volume - 15,
Issue - 1,
Year - 2022
Introduction: Variance in a species and climate conditions often impact the phytochemical content and pharmacological properties of many medicinal plants. In this study, we used simple and quick methods to determine the total phenolic and flavonoid contents in ethanol extracts from three species of medicinal plants from Riau, Sumatera. Results obtained were then compared to existing literature. Materials and Methods: Several parts of plant were used, namely Mangifera foetida bark (MB), pericarp (MP), leaves (ML), Lagerstreomia speciosa bark (LB), flower (LFlo), leaves (LL), fruit (LFru), and Impatiens balsamina leaves (IL), root (IR), and flower (IFlo). Total phenolic content was estimated using Folin-Ciocalteau method, while flavonoid content was measured using common colorimetric method. Results and Discussion: Results obtained in this study indicate that LL has the highest flavonoid content (22.116 ± 0.409 mg QE/g) while MB contains the highest phenolic content (24.642 ± 11.087 mg GAE/g) amongst the different samples used in this study. Conclusion: When compared to existing literatures, results presented here indicate that plants from Riau, Sumatera are potential sources of pharmacologic ingredients as indicated by the presence of high flavonoid and phenolic content. Further pharmacological study on specific mechanisms of action from active substances isolated from LL, MB, and IL is required.
Cite this article:
Erlia Anggrainy Sianipar, Sanjayadi, Beatrice Lin, Monika Arvia Chiara, Agustina D R Nurcahyanti. Quick-identification of total phenolic and flavonoid content of Mangifera foetida, Lagerstroemia speciosa and Impatiens balsamina gathered from Riau, Sumatera. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(1):311-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00051
Erlia Anggrainy Sianipar, Sanjayadi, Beatrice Lin, Monika Arvia Chiara, Agustina D R Nurcahyanti. Quick-identification of total phenolic and flavonoid content of Mangifera foetida, Lagerstroemia speciosa and Impatiens balsamina gathered from Riau, Sumatera. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2022; 15(1):311-4. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00051 Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-15-1-51
1. Bincy R, John S, Rasheed A. Pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical screening of Ampelocissus indica including antioxidant activity. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2020; 12(2): 80-82
2. Kavita G, Lal VK, Jha S. Total phenolic content flavonoid content and in vitro antioxidant activities of Flemingia species (Flemingia chappar, Flemingia macrophylla, and Flemingia strobilifera). Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2013. 6(5): 516-523
3. Rachida ZA, Ridha OM, Eddine LS, et al. Screening of phenolic compounds from Abelmoschus esculentus L extract fruits and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2017. 10(12): 4371-4376
4. Yadav SS, Sangwan P, Ganie SA, Gulia SS. Studies on free radical scavenging activity and total phenolic content of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2020; 13(7): 3394-3398
5. Tangjitjaroenkun J, Tangchitcharoenkhul R. Antioxidant properties of the extract from culture filtrate of Schizophyllum commune. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2020. 13(7): 3365-3371
6. Ediweera MK, Tennekoon KH, Samarakoon SR. A review on ethnopharmacological applications, pharmacological activities, and bioactive compounds of Mangifera indica (Mango). Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2017; Article ID 6949835, 24 pages. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6949835
7. Jahnavi CH, Jyothsna K, Geetika DL, et al. Review on pharmacological activities of Mangifera indica and Zingiber officinale. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2020; 9(3): 1166-1170
8. Stohs SJ, Miller H, Kaats GR. A review of the efficacy and safety of banaba (Lagerstroemia speciosa L.) and corosolic acid. Phytotherapy Research. 2012; 26(3):317-24. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.3664
9. Nurcahyanti ADR, Arieselia Z, Kurniawan SV, et al. Revisiting bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa) from Indonesia as an antidiabetic agent, its mode of action, and phylogenetic position. Pharmacognosy Reviews. 2018; 12: 40-45
10. Chen XM, Qian SH, Feng F. Two new tetrahydronaphthalenes from the stem of Impatiens balsamina L. Chinese Chemical Letters. 2010; 21: 440-442
11. Imam MZ, Nahar N, Akter S, Rana MS. Antinociceptive activity of methanol extract of flowers of Impatiens balsamina. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2012; 142(3):804-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2012.06.004.
12. Scalzo RL, Picchi V, Migliori CA, Campanelli G, et al. Variations in the phytochemical contents and antioxidant capacity of organically and conventionally grown Italian cCauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. subsp. botrytis): Results from a Three-Year Field Study. Agricultural Food Chemistry. 2013; 61(43): 10335–10344.
13. Dubey R, Rajhans S, manked AU. Preliminary phytochemical screening, quantitative estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content of Jatropha gossypiifolia (L). Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2020; 12(2): 83-86
14. Sheela D, Cheenickal M. Total phenolics and flavonoids among the selected species of Syzygium, Gaertn. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017; 9(2): 101-104
15. Hemmalakshmi S, Annapurani S, Devi SG. Comparative phytochemical screening and total phenolic content of different extract of Ficus racemosa, Morinda tinctoria, and Nerium indicum fresh leaves. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology 2016. 9(12): 2222-2227
16. Parimi R, Pravallika KE. Studies on phytochemical screening, total phenolic content and in vitro antioxidant activity of different extracts of Euphorbia thymifolia roots. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2017; 10(2): 551-556
17. Abdeldjabbar M, Messaouda D, Zhour R, Cheyma B. Comparative analysis of total phenolic, flavonoid content and antioxidant profile of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) with different watering water from Oued Soufin Algeria. Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry. 2020; 13(1): 28 - 32
18. Kim HY, Kim K. Protein glycation inhibitory and antioxidative activities of some plant extracts in vitro. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2003; 51(6): 1586-91
19. Fitmawati, Resida E, Kholifah SN, et al. Phytochemical screening and antioxidant profiling of Sumatran wild mangoes (Mangifera spp.): a potential source for medicine antidegenerative effects [version 3; peer review: 2 approved] F1000Research 2020, 9:220 Last updated: 02 JUL 2020
20. Núñez SAJ, Vélez CHT, Agüero-Agüero J, et al. Isolation and quantitative analysis of phenolic antioxidants, free sugars, and polyols from mango (Mangifera indica L.) stem bark aqueous decoction used in Cuba as a nutritional supplement. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2002; 50(4): 762–766
21. Mohan CG, Deepak M, Viswanatha GL, et al. Anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of leaf extracts and fractions of Mangifera indica. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2013; 6(4): 311–314.
22. Delgado-Rodriguez FV, Hidalgo O, Loría-Gutiérrez A, Weng-Huang NT. In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethanolic extracts from whole plants of three Impatiens species (balsaminaceae). Ancient Sci Life [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Sep3];37:16-23. Available from: http://www.ancientscienceoflife.org/text.asp?2017/37/1/16/236543
23. Ajaib M, Arooj T, Khan K M, et al. Phytochemical, antimicrobial and antioxidant screening of fruits, bark and leaves Lagerstroemia indica. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan. 2016; 38(3): 538-545
24. Nasrin F, Ahmad S, Kamrunnahar. Evaluation of antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of methanolic extracts of Lagerstroemia speciosa leaves and barks. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2012; 2(10): 142-147. DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2012.21028
25. Nurcahyanti ADR. Mangifera and Impatiens from Sumatra: Phylogenetic positions and their modes of action as anticancer agents. Pharmacognosy Review. 2019; 13: 16-23.
26. Sharmin T, Rahman M S, Mohammadi H. Investigation of biological activities of the flowers of Lagerstroemia speciosa, the Jarul flower of Bangladesh. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2018; 18: 231