Author(s): Susikumar S, Nartunai G, Ilavarasan R

Email(s): arilavarasan@yahoo.co.in

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00682   

Address: Susikumar S1, Nartunai G2, Ilavarasan R3*
1Research Scholar, Captain Srinivasa Murthy Regional Ayurveda Drug Development Institute, Recognized by University of Madras, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India, A. A. Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai – 600 106.
2Research officer, Captain Srinivasa Murthy Regional Ayurveda Drug Development Institute, Recognized by University of Madras, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India, A. A. Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai – 600 106.
3Assistant Director (S-4) In-charge, Captain Srinivasa Murthy Regional Ayurveda Drug Development Institute, Recognized by University of Madras, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India, A. A. Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai – 600 106.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 7,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Background: Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. (Fam. Leguminosae) is a medium sized, deciduous tree distributed in South India mainly in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The heartwood is highly prized and medicinally useful. The heartwood is used in Indian system of medicine for leucorrhoea, piles, syphilis, vomiting, fever, thirst, purifying blood and in wound healing. Pterocarpus santalinus is one of the ingredients in many Siddha and Ayurvedic formulations namely Cintil Ney, Senchandana Manapagu, Candana Bala, Laksadi Taila and Candanadi lauha. Objective: The present study brings out macro-microscopic atlas on heartwood of medicinal plant Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. Materials and Methods: Sections and powder were observed and photographed under different magnifications with the help of Olympus BX51 Microscopic unit fitted with Olympus Camera. Results: Macroscopically colour, odour and taste; microscopically tyloses, needle eye end fibres, forked fibres with pegged and sharp end, pitted and border pitted vessels, uni-seriate medullary rays, Reddish brownish content, oil globules, simple starch grains, crystal fibres and prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate are the unique diagnostic characters reported. Conclusion: The finding of the present study is believed to be helpful in identifying the genuineness of the heartwood in crude raw drug and also in standardization of herbal formulation containing red sandalwood as ingredient.


Cite this article:
Susikumar S, Nartunai G, Ilavarasan R. Macro-microscopic Atlas on Heartwood of Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. (Red sandalwood). Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(7):3927-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00682

Cite(Electronic):
Susikumar S, Nartunai G, Ilavarasan R. Macro-microscopic Atlas on Heartwood of Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. (Red sandalwood). Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(7):3927-0. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00682   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-7-79


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1.    The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/ild-32307
2.    Anonymous, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-I, Volume-III, Govt. of India, Ministry of Health and Family welfare, Dept. of AYUSH, 1st ed: New Delhi. 2001; pp.155-6.
3.    The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Pterocarpus santalinus. Available from: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/ 32104/67803072.en
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13.    Nartunai G, Arunachalam C, Maheswari B, Venkata Narasimhaji C, Kusuma G, Ilavarasan R. et al. Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Evaluation of a Polyherbal Ayurvedic Formulation Trikatu Churna. J Ayu Med Sci. 2016; 1(1): 34-40.
14.    Susikumar S, Nartunai G, Arunachalam C, Ilavarasan R. et al. Macro-Microscopic Atlas on Heartwood of Santalum album L. (Sandalwood). Pharmacog J. 2018; 10(4): 731-4.

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