Author(s): Oussama Chauiyakh, Aziz Et-tahir, Kamal Kettani, Abdelaziz Chaouch, Halima Bessi

Email(s): oussama.chauiyakh@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00522   

Address: Oussama Chauiyakh1, Aziz Et-tahir2, Kamal Kettani3, Abdelaziz Chaouch2, Halima Bessi3
1Mohamed V University in Rabat, Higher School of Technology, Material, Energetic and Acoustics Team.
2Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality.
3Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Mohammedia, Laboratory of Virology, Microbiology and Quality/Ecotoxicology and Biodiversity.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 6,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Medical and pharmaceutical waste (MPW) pose a big problem in society and at the healthcare centers because they cause a bacteriological risk in the living being and the environment. Morocco, since 1991, has developed a legal arsenal on medical and pharmaceutical waste. In order to identify pathogens at the level of hospital waste, and to assess their treatment system, this study was carried out at a Moroccan hospital center. The analysis of the samples was performed at the medical biology laboratory of the same hospital. Eleven samples were done at four care units, including two at the internal storage room before treating waste with an ECODAX T300 type mill, and two after treatment from the ground material and leachate. Before crushing 63.6% (7/11) of the samples gave positive cultures. The presence of pathogenic microorganisms such as (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas stuzerie and Pseudomonas fluorescens) have been identified and their sensitivity to antibiotics has also been determined. After the grinding cycle, the microbiological characterization of the samples on ground material and leachate revealed 100% of bacterial presence, the microorganisms (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) were identified. The results show that hospital waste encloses multi-resistant pathogenic bacteria before and after their treatment, which raises a big question mark on the quality and effectiveness of the treatment of MPW.


Cite this article:
Oussama Chauiyakh, Aziz Et-tahir, Kamal Kettani, Abdelaziz Chaouch, Halima Bessi. Evaluation of the Bacteriological risk of solid Medical and Pharmaceutical waste from a Moroccan Hospital Center. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(6):2983-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00522

Cite(Electronic):
Oussama Chauiyakh, Aziz Et-tahir, Kamal Kettani, Abdelaziz Chaouch, Halima Bessi. Evaluation of the Bacteriological risk of solid Medical and Pharmaceutical waste from a Moroccan Hospital Center. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(6):2983-8. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00522   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-6-12


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