Author(s): Shyamala Nayak, Nayanatara Arun Kumar, Anupama Hegde, Rekha D Kini, Vandana Blossom, Roopesh Poojary

Email(s): nayanatara.arun@manipal.edu

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00424   

Address: Shyamala Nayak1, Nayanatara Arun Kumar2*, Anupama Hegde1, Rekha D Kini2, Vandana Blossom3, Roopesh Poojary2
1Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal.
2Department of Physiology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal.
3Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 5,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Natural products are gaining much importance in light of the serious side effects posed by drugs of chemical origin. High intake of foods rich in antioxidants reduces the risk of neurodegenerative disorders. Traditionally, Allium sativum L.(garlic) and Allium cepa. L (onion) has received considerable attention for their therapeutic benefits around the globe. The present study assesses the free radical scavenging role of Allium sativum and Allium cepa in cerebral cortex, striatum, and hippocampus. Adult wistar rats of either sex were grouped as control group (Group I) treated with normal saline and the two experimental group were treated with the aqueous bulbous extracts of dehydrated Allium sativum (Group II) and Allium cepa (Group III) was considered as treated groups. Homogenates of hippocampus, striatum and cerebral cortex were analyzed for biochemical and neuronal analysis. LD50 value of these extracts in rats was found at a dose of 500?mg/kg BW. A Significant decline (P<0.05) in the MDA level was observed in the hippocampus, striatum and cerebral cortex in group II when compared to group III. Total antioxidant level, GSH, SOD level was significantly high (P<0.001) in the treated groups. Neuronal increase was significant in Group II (P < 0.01) when compared to Group III. Allium sativum and Allium cepa was found to have a challenging role in hampering oxidative stress in Hippocampus, striatum and cerebral cortex, the target regions in neurological disorders. However, ample number of studies are required to establish their mechanism of action as a progression to clinical approach.


Cite this article:
Shyamala Nayak, Nayanatara Arun Kumar, Anupama Hegde, Rekha D Kini, Vandana Blossom, Roopesh Poojary. Neuroprotective role of Allium cepa and Allium sativum on Hippocampus, striatum and Cerebral cortex in Wistar rats. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(5):2406-1. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00424

Cite(Electronic):
Shyamala Nayak, Nayanatara Arun Kumar, Anupama Hegde, Rekha D Kini, Vandana Blossom, Roopesh Poojary. Neuroprotective role of Allium cepa and Allium sativum on Hippocampus, striatum and Cerebral cortex in Wistar rats. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(5):2406-1. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00424   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-5-8


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