Author(s): Karthikeyan Sekar, Rajeswary Hari, P. Ramya, N. Pusphavalli, R. Savitha


DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00455   

Address: Karthikeyan Sekar, Rajeswary Hari*, P. Ramya, N. Pusphavalli, R. Savitha
Department of Biotechnology, Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Deemed to be University, Chennai - 95 Tamil Nadu, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 5,     Year - 2021

In the present investigation an attempt was made to evaluate the in vitro and in silico anti-gout arthritic activity of ethanolic (EECF) and aqueous extracts (AECF) of leaves of Cadaba fruticosa. The in vitro anti-gout arthritic activity of EECF and AECF was evaluated in terms of their inhibitory potential of xanthine oxidase, proteinase enzymes as well as protein denaturation and membrane stabilization using standard protocols. For the analysis of in silico anti-gout arthritic activity, molecular docking was performed for the GC–Ms derived 15 phyto constituents using patch dock server to find a suitable antagonistic ligand for the enzymes cyclooxygenase I and matrix metalloproteinase IV since they are the key enzymes responsible for pain and degenerative changes. Among the EECF and AECF extracts the EECF extract exhibited higher inhibitory activity of the xanthine oxidase and proteinase enzyme. At the concentrations of 800 and 1000µg/ml the observed inhibitory activity was almost similar to the positive drug Allopurinol and Acetyl salicylic acid. Based on the docking score and activation energy the two phyto constituents Quercetin and Cadabicinediacetate inhibited the enzymes cyclooxygenase I and matrix metalloproteinase IV and serves as a better antagonistic ligand to suppress the pain and joint destruction. It may be concluded that the leaves of Cadaba fruticosa may further developed into a effective drug for the management of gouty arthritis due to its multi targeted inhibitory activity of several inflammatory mediators.

Cite this article:
Karthikeyan Sekar, Rajeswary Hari, P. Ramya, N. Pusphavalli, R. Savitha. Anti-gout arthritic activities of Ethanolic and Aqueous leaf extracts of Cadaba fruticosa- An In vitro and In silico studies. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(5):2587-2. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00455

Karthikeyan Sekar, Rajeswary Hari, P. Ramya, N. Pusphavalli, R. Savitha. Anti-gout arthritic activities of Ethanolic and Aqueous leaf extracts of Cadaba fruticosa- An In vitro and In silico studies. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(5):2587-2. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00455   Available on:

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