Herbal drugs are the plant or part of plants that have been converted into phytopharmaceuticals by simply means of processes involving collection or harvesting, drying and storage. The use of herbal drugs as medicine is the ancients’ form of healthcare known to delicacy and it is used in all cultures throughout history. Ancient humans well known their dependence on nature for a good healthy life and since that time humankind depended on the variety of plant resources for food, shelter, clothing and medicine to cure immensurable of diseases. An herb is a plant or part of a plant valued for its medicinal, aromatic, or savoury qualities. During the past decade, there has been increasing public interest and acceptance of natural therapies in both developing and developed countries. Standardization of herbal medicine is the process of developing and agreeing upon technical standards. The work presented here deals with standardization of some marketed herbal formulations used in diabetes. This study helpful for quality control of single as well as polyherbal formulation.
Cite this article:
Vidya S. Kukde, Mrunali A. Bhongade, Sweety S. Kamde. Standardization and Phytochemical Screening of Ficus religiosa. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2021; 14(2):971-976. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00173.6
1. EMEA. Quality of Herbal Medicinal Products. Guidelines. European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products (EMEA), London, 1998.
2. Bodeker C, Bodeker G, Ong CK, Grundy CK, Burford G, Shein K, WHO Global Atlas of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2005.
3. Mukherjee PW, Quality Control of Herbal Drugs: An Approach to Evaluation of Botanicals. Business Horizons Publishers, New Delhi, India, 2002.
4. Bauer R, Quality criteria and standardization of phytopharmaceuticals: Can acceptable drug standards be achieved? Drug Inform. J., 1998, 32: 101–110,.
5. Bisset NG, Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press, Boca Raton, F, 1994.
6. Fuchs, Susz, Teuber” Analysis by Thin layer chromatography-A review of the current state”-Journal of chromatography, 2011, vol.1218, p-2754- 2774.
7. N. Sirisha, Antioxidant properties of Ficus species- A Review, Journal pharma tech. 2010.
8. Prasad P. V. Subhaktthap. K., Narayan A., Rao M.,” Medico-historical study of’ asvattha’ (sacred fig tree). Bulletin of the Indian institute of History of Medicine, 2006, 36:1-20.
9. Sawarkar H.A., Singh M.K., Pandey A.K.,” Invitro Anthelmintic activity, Ficus carica and Ficus religiosa: A comparative anthelmintic activity. International Journal Pharm Tech Research; 2011, 3:152-153.
10. Shah M.J., Subhan F., National Institute of Health: Detection and the quantitative analysis of seeds of Crotalaria juncea and leaves of Ficus religiosa for steroidal hormones; 2007, 41-43.
11. Vaya J., and Mahmood S., “Flavonoid leaf extract of the fig (Ficus religiosa L.), carob (Ceratoria siliqua L.) and pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus L)- Biofactors;2006;28:169-175.