Shaymaa Hasan Abbas, Sura Abbas Khdair
Shaymaa Hasan Abbas1, Sura Abbas Khdair2
1Lecturer, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq.
2Assistant Lecturer, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq.
Volume - 14,
Issue - 10,
Year - 2021
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical problems occurred during pregnancy. GDM increase the chance for developing type 2 diabetes meletus by seven times. The overall prevalence of GDM in pregnancy is 1-14% according to the American Diabetes Association. Material and Methods: a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. The information was collected from pregnant women with gestational DM to assess some maternal risk factors and compare blood glucose level according to different treatment types for GDM. Results: The present study reported that (40.38%) of GDM patients have advanced age (=35 yrs.). First pregnancy was a risk factors for GDM and it was reported by (9.62%). History of HT and GDM during prior pregnancies were reported by (11.54%) and (% 34.62) respectively. Hypertension or preeclampsia in the current pregnancy was reported by (3.85%). Positive family history of diabetes was associated with (26.92%) GDM patients. All Patients of the present study reported no previous PCOS and smoking history. Also in this study, 44 patients out of 52 GDM patients use medications to control the glucose intolerance, while other patients control it by diet. There were no statistical differences found between treatment groups in term of blood glucose control. Conclusion: Age, history of GDM in the previous pregnancies and family history of diabetes mellitus were identifiable as a risk factors for GDM and their effect were significant in this study while the effect of other risk factors were non-significant. No statistical differences found between treatment groups in term of blood glucose level control and no group achieved the glycemic target.
Cite this article:
Shaymaa Hasan Abbas, Sura Abbas Khdair. Study the Effect of Maternal Factors on Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Effect of Treatment Types on Serum Blood Glucose. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(10):5264-9. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00917
Shaymaa Hasan Abbas, Sura Abbas Khdair. Study the Effect of Maternal Factors on Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Effect of Treatment Types on Serum Blood Glucose. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(10):5264-9. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00917 Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-14-10-35
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