Author(s): Ahmed Salim Mahmood, Ali Ismail Al-Gareeb, Faiq Isho Gorial


DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00896   

Address: Ahmed Salim Mahmood1*, Ali Ismail Al-Gareeb2, Faiq Isho Gorial3
1Department of Pharmacy, Al-Esraa University, Baghdad, Iraq.
2Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, AL-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq.
3Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 14,      Issue - 10,     Year - 2021

Soluble adhesion molecules (mainly VCAM-1 and E-selectin) have a vital role in the pathogenesis of the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and consider as angiogenic mediators for this disease. The main goal for this research is to evaluate the efficacy of orally administer niclosamide (NCS) in prevention the angiogenic mediators (VCAM-1 and E-selectin) using collagen induced arthritis model in rats (CIA). Fifty male Spraque-Dawley rats underwent collagen induced arthritis (CIA) model. When arthritis was fully developed, the rats were either treated orally with low-dose (50mg/kg) NCS or high-dose (100mg/kg) NCS or treated intrapertonially (IP) with 30mg/kg NCS or leave without treatment for 4 weeks. Body weight measurement and arthritis index were monitor before and after treatment in all groups. At the end of the treatment period serum level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E-selectin and TNFa were measured together with collection of articular synovial tissue to evaluate the pathological changes. The experiment showed that NCS significantly reduce the arthritis index, foot pad thickness and ankle swelling (p value < 0.05) when given orally in a high dose and IP to the experimental animal. Comparing to the CIA model group, significant reduction in the serum level of VCAM1 and E-selectin has been observed in those rats treated with high dose of oral NCS or IP injection of NCS (p value < 0.05). Niclosamide can effectively decrease, in dose dependent manner, the clinical scores, joint swelling, VCAM1, E-selectin and pathological changes in arthritic rats induced by collagen type II.

Cite this article:
Ahmed Salim Mahmood, Ali Ismail Al-Gareeb, Faiq Isho Gorial. Effect of Orally-administration Niclosamide on serum level of VCAM-1 and E-selectin in Collagen induced arthritis: Experimental study. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(10):5150-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00896

Ahmed Salim Mahmood, Ali Ismail Al-Gareeb, Faiq Isho Gorial. Effect of Orally-administration Niclosamide on serum level of VCAM-1 and E-selectin in Collagen induced arthritis: Experimental study. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021; 14(10):5150-6. doi: 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00896   Available on:

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