Suwarna Dangore Khasbage, Neha Agrawal, Rahul Bhowate
Dr. Suwarna Dangore Khasbage1, Dr Neha Agrawal2, Dr Rahul Bhowate3
1Professor, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha.
2Post Graduate Student, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha.
3Professor, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha.
Volume - 13,
Issue - 9,
Year - 2020
Background- Gender determination is one of the vital aspects in personal identification as it narrows down the diagnosis towards an accurate possibility. A number of body parts and bones are studied and reported to be useful in detecting the gender for forensic purposes. Objective- To assess the utility of maxilla-mandibular indices for gender determination by using lateral cephalograms. Material and methods- This institutional ethics committee approved retrospective study analyzed 90 randomly selected digital lateral cephalograms. Five linear cephalometric indices: mastoidale to sella-nasion plane (Ma-SN), mastoidale to porion-orbitale plane (Ma-FH), distance between gonion to gnathion (Go-Gn), condylon to gnathion (Co-Gn), condylon to gonion(Co-Gn) were used for gender determination. Statistical significance of linear measurement of Maxillary and Mandibular landmarks in males and females was evaluated by using Mann Whitney test. Results- Lateral cepholograms of 66 female and 24 male were analyzed for gender discrimination. Amongst the two maxillary indices, Ma-SN was observed to be useful, whereas amongst three Mandibular indices, Co-Go and Co-Gn were found to be useful for the analysis of the discrimination of the gender. However, the utility of Go-Gn and Ma-FH was found to be non-significant. Conclusion: Maxilla-mandibular indices like Ma-SN, Co-Go and Co-Gn can be utilied for gender determination by using lateral cephalograms.
Cite this article:
Suwarna Dangore Khasbage, Neha Agrawal, Rahul Bhowate. Utility of Maxilla-mandibular indices for gender determination by using lateral cephalograms. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2020; 13(9):4175-4178. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00737.4
1. Rogers TL. Determination of sex of human remains through cranial morphology. J Forensic Sci. 2005; 50:493-500.
2. Naccarato S, Petersen S, John GL. Skull features as clues to age, sex, race and lifestyle. J Forensic dent. 2008; 58:172-81.
3. Deshmukh AG, Deversh DB. Comparison of cranial sex determination by univariate and multivariate analysis. J Anat Soc India. 2006; 55:1–5.
4. Singal K. Significance of radiology forensic identification. ARC J Forensic Sci. 2016; 1:21–24.
5. Teke HY, Duran S, Canturk N, Canturk G. Determination of gender by measuring the size of the maxillary sinuses in computerized tomography scans. Surg Radio Anat. 2007; 29:9–13.
6. Sharma SK, Jehan M, Kumar A. Measurements of maxillary sinus volume and dimensions by computed tomography scan for gender determination. J Anat Soc India. 2014; 63:36–42.
7. Iscan MY. Forensic anthropology of sex and body size. Forensic Sci International. 2005; 147: 107-12.
8. Dangore-Khasbage S, Bhowate R. Utility of the morphometry of the maxillary sinuses for gender determination by using computed tomography. Dental and Medical Problems. 2018; 55 (4):411-417.
9. Karia H, Shrivastav S, Karia AK. Three-dimensional evaluation of the airway spaces in patients with and without cleft lip and palate: A digital volume tomographic study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2017; 152(3):371-381.
10. Kandukuri R, Phatak S. Evaluation of sinonasal diseases by computed tomography. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2016; 10(11: TC09-TC12.
11. Gupta DD, Niranjane P, Sharma N, Shrivastav S, Kamble RH, Nathani R. Comparison of association between cervical spine and face in subjects with vertical and horizontal growth pattern: An in vitro study using lateral cephalogram. World Journal of Dentistry. 2016; 7(2):73-77.
12. Binnal A, Devi BKY. Identification of Sex using Lateral Cephalogram: Role of Cephalofacial Parameters. J Indian Aca Oral Med Radiol. 2012; 24(4):280-3.
13. Patil KR, Modi RN. Determination of sex by discriminant function analysis and stature by regression analysis: A lateral cephalometric study. Forensic Sci Int. 2005; 147(2-3):175-80.
14. Christensen AM, Passalacqua NV, Bartelink EJ. Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press; 2014:199–220.
15. Srivastava RK, Kumar A, Ali I, Wadhwani P, Awasthi P, Parveen G. Determination of age and sex and identification of deceased person by forensic procedures. Univ Res J Dent. 2014; 4: 153-7.
16. Kranioti EF, Iscan MY, Michalodimitrakis M. Craniometric analysis of the modern Cretan population. Forensic Sci Int. 2008; 180:11110.e1-5
17. Robinson MS, Bidmos MA. The skull and humerus in tht determination of sex: Reliability of discriminant fufuncti equations. Forensic Sci Int. 2009; 186(1-3):86.e1-5.
18. Hsiao TH, Chang HP, Liu KM. Sex determination by discriminant function analysis of lateral radiographic cephalometric. J Forensic Sci. 1996; 41(5):792-95
19. Veyre-Goulet SA, Mercier C, Robin O, Guerin C. Recent human sexual dimorphism study using cephalometric plots on lateral teleradiography and discriminant function analysis. J Forensic Sci. 2008; 53(4):786-89.
20. Dhaka P, Mathur E, Sareen M, Baghla P, Modi A, Sobti P. Age and gender estimation from mandible using lateral cephalogram. Chrismed J Health Res. 2015; 2:208-11.
21. De Paiva LA, Segre M. Sexing the human skull through tth mastoid process. Rev Hosp Clin Fac Med Sao Paulo. 2003; 58(1):15-20
22. Kemkes A, Gobel T. Metric assessment of the mastoid triangle for sex determination: A validation study. J Forensic Sci. 2006; 51(5):985-89.
23. Missier MS, Samuel SG, George AM. Facial indices in lateral cephalogram for sex prediction in Chennai population – A semi-novel study. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2018 Sep-Dec; 10(3): 151–157.
24. Naikmasur VG, Shrivastava R, Mutalik S. Determination of sex in South Indians and immigrant Tibetans from cephalometric analysis and discriminant functions. Forensic Sci Int. 2010; 197: 122.e1-6.
25. Shiva Kumar B, Deepthi B C. A Digital Radiographic Study for Gender Prediction Using Mandibular Indices. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2016; 5(5): 1490-93.