Author(s): Fith Khaira Nursal, Yeyet C. Sumirtapura, Rahmana E. Kartasasmita, Hanifa Rahma, Tri Suciati


DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00547.8   

Address: Fith Khaira Nursal1*, Yeyet C. Sumirtapura2, Rahmana E. Kartasasmita2, Hanifa Rahma2, Tri Suciati2
1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof DR. Hamka, Islamic Centre, Delima II/IV Street-Klender, East Jakarta 13470, Indonesia.
2School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Ganesha Street No.10-Bandung 40132, Indonesia.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 7,     Year - 2020

Sodium ascorbyl phosphate (SAP) nanoemulsion has been developed using several methods with the aim of improving its skin permeation by transcutaneous delivery. SAP is a hydrophilic derivate of ascorbic acid with low permeability. Development of the formulation began with the utilization of glycerin as the solvent as well as co-surfactants, combined with the addition of amphiphilic molecules and lipophilic surfactants. Amphiphilic molecules and lipophilic surfactants formed complexes and emulsion, respectively, then underwent co-lyophilization prior to incorporating the lyophilizate to form nanoemulsion. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 20000 and lecithin were used as the amphiphilic molecules, while Span 80 was employed as lipophilic surfactants. These methods aimed to improve the permeability of SAP, thus enhancing its permeation across the stratum corneum. The highest SAP solubility was achieved by adding 10% glycerin, which meant the glycerin could be used to increase the lipophilicity of SAP in the formulation. The amount of SAP partitioned into the oil phase was mixed by solid-in-oil dispersion (SOD) with PEG 20000, lecithin, and Span 80 was determined indirectly by measuring the concentration of SAP in the aqueous phase. The globule sizes of the SAP-PEG 20000 and SAP-lecithin nanoemulsions were 50–200nm and > 500nm for the SAP-Span 80 nanoemulsion. The amount of diffused SAP was varied in an in vitro permeation study using the Franz diffusion cell, snake skin (Python R.) and Spangler’s as a membrane models. This study indicates that SAP could penetrate in to the skin by SOD method and its potential utility to improve the skin permeation of hydrophilic molecules.

Cite this article:
Fith Khaira Nursal, Yeyet C. Sumirtapura, Rahmana E. Kartasasmita, Hanifa Rahma, Tri Suciati. Development and Evaluation of Sodium ascorbyl phosphate Nanoemulsion for Transcutaneous Delivery. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(7): 3086-3092. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00547.8

Fith Khaira Nursal, Yeyet C. Sumirtapura, Rahmana E. Kartasasmita, Hanifa Rahma, Tri Suciati. Development and Evaluation of Sodium ascorbyl phosphate Nanoemulsion for Transcutaneous Delivery. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(7): 3086-3092. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00547.8   Available on:

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