Author(s): Prakash Deep, Anurag Mishra, Neeraj Verma

Email(s): pdeep@lko.amity.edu , pdpharma@gmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00474.6   

Address: Prakash Deep1*, Dr. Anurag Mishra2, Dr. Neeraj Verma3
1Amity Institute of Pharmacy, Amity University, Lucknow.
2Ashoka Institute of Technology and Management, Varanasi.
3J K Institute of Technical Education, Lucknow.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 6,     Year - 2020


ABSTRACT:
Introduction: Bauhinia variegata Linn. Which is also known as kachnar belongs to family Fabaceae. It is a medium sized leaf shedding tree generally found in equatorial and temperate region of India. This plant is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. Objective: The current study was carried out to find out phytochemical and pharmacognostic standards along with HPTLC analysis of leaves. Result and Conclusion: The macroscopical studies indicated alternate, green colour, entire margin, linear-lanceolate, rounded and bilobed apex, running parallel venation, smooth and glabrous surface, broad, up to 15 cm long. Physiochemical parameters showed 9.5% total ash, 0.9% acid insoluble ash, 7.65% water-soluble extractive value and loss on drying at 105 °C is 7.0%. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloid, tannin, steroid, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinone, coumarin, saponins in different extracts. Two flavonoids lupeol and quercetin were notified in HPTLC fingerprinting. The findings of this study could be useful in setting future prospects of this plant.


Cite this article:
Prakash Deep, Anurag Mishra, Neeraj Verma. Pharmacognostical Evaluation and HPTLC Analysis of Two Medicinally important Secondary Metabolites in Bauhinia variegata Leaves from Gorakhpur District in Summer Season. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2020; 13(6): 2667-2671. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00474.6


REFERENCES:
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4.    Nadkarni AK, Nadkarni KM. Indian Materia Medica Vol. 1. Bombay: Popular Prakashan; 1996.
5.    Noatay KL. Asia’s useful trees, plants, The Tribune. 22 January, 2001.
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9.    Reddy MV, Reddy MK, Gunasekar D, Caux C, Bodo B, A flavanone and a dihydro dibenzoxepin from Bauhinia variegate, Phytochemistry, 2003; 64: 879-882.
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