Xanthium indicum Koeing. (Family: Asteraceae) is a plant with high medicinal uses which is more commonly found in the areas of Northern America, Malaysia, China, Brazil and other warmer parts of India. Different types of diseases can be treated using this herb. Various extracts of the plant, leaves, root, flower, fruit can be used in the treatment of fungal infection, urticaria, arthritis, salivation, epilepsy, TB, snake bite, insect bite, lumbago, malaria, diarrhoea. The phytochemical action and pharmacological action are viewed under the various activity like anti-tussive, anti-cancer, anti-fungal, dermatitis, CNS depressant activity, diuretic effect, anti-oxidant, insecticidal, herbicidal and so on. Many pharmacological effects can be demonstrated by the presence of chemical constituents like sesquiterpene, glycoside, phenol, polysterol that are present all over the parts of plant of Xanthium indicum. Various action of plant was seen and it can be used against dangerous diseases. Even though the fruits have toxic effect it can be used for the treatment for several ailments.
Cite this article:
Rohil S S, P R Kumar. Xanthium indicum Koenig – A Review. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2020; 13(5):2475-2479. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00442.4