Gurvirender Singh, Smita Narwal, Supriya Agnihotri
Gurvirender Singh1, Smita Narwal2, Supriya Agnihotri3*
1IK Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala 144603, Punjab, India.
2Global Research Institute of Pharmacy, Radour 135133 Haryana, India.
3Chandigarh College of Pharmacy, Chandigarh Group of Colleges, Landran 140307, Punjab, India.
Volume - 13,
Issue - 11,
Year - 2020
Typha elephantina (Typhaceae) is an aquatic plant having tremendous medicinal properties. It is an important member of Genus Typha commonly known as “Cattail”. It is distributed in wetlands throughout India, Bangladesh, Iran, tropical North Africa and Pakistan. Almost each part of Typha elephantina have been utilized traditionally for the treatment of different diseases including boils, wounds, burns, scab disorders, bacterial infections, blood clotting disorders, Cystitis, Leprosy, Strangury, and Splenic enlargement. Moreover, the plant is also reported to have various therapeutic activities including membrane stabilizing potential, anthelmintic, thrombolytic, antioxidant, wound healing, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and cytotoxic activities by pharmacological techniques to substantiate the claim. This whole review is an organized effort to assemble up-to-date information including phytochemical, ethanomedicinal, morphological, and pharmacological data of Typha elephantina.
Cite this article:
Gurvirender Singh, Smita Narwal, Supriya Agnihotri. Typha elephantina Roxb.: A Review on Ethanomedicinal, Morphological, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Perspectives. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(11):5546-5550. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00968.3
1. Ruangrungsi N, et al. Constituents of Typha elephantina. Scientific society. 1987; 13:57-62.
2. Sharma K, Gopal B. A note on the identity of Typha elephantina roxb. Aquatic botany. 1980; 9:381-387.
3. Chowdhury SR, et al. Effect of N application on its utilization and gaseous exchange in cat tail (Typha elephantina) under waterlogged condition. Indian journal of plant physiology. 2017; 22 (2):263-266.
4. Swapna M, et al. A review on the medicinal and edible aspects of aquatic and wetland plants of India. Journal of medicinal plants research. 2011; 5 (33):7163-7176.
5. Moniruzzaman M, et al. Equilibrium and Kinetic Parameters Determination of Cr (VI) Adsorption by Hogla Leaves (Typha elephantina Roxb.). International Journal of Waste Resources. 2017; 7 (301):2.
6. Uddin M, et al. Indigenous management practices of Hogla (Typha elephantina Roxb.) in local plantations of floodplain areas of Bangladesh. Subtropical Agriculture Research and Development. 2006; 4 (3):114-119.
7. Gopal B, Sharma K. Seasonal changes in concentration of major nutrient elements in the rhizomes and leaves of Typha elephantina Roxb. Aquatic botany. 1984; 20 (1-2):65-73.
8. Zhou B, et al. Revised phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cosmopolitan aquatic plant genus Typha (Typhaceae). Scientific reports. 2018; 8 (1):8813.
9. Boulos L. Flora of egypt, Al Hadara Publishing Cairo, 2005.
10. Khair A. Hogla. Banglapedia Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 2004;
11. Sharma K, Gopal B. Seed germination and occurrence of seedlings of Typha species in nature. Aquatic botany. 1978; 4:353-358.
12. Bhatti J, et al. Discovery of the natural habitat of the aquatic thysanopteran, Organothrips indicus (Terebrantia: Thripidae) in India and North America. Oriental Insects. 1998.
13. Dastur JF. Useful plants of India and Pakistan. 1951;
14. Drury H. The useful plants of India: With notices of their chief value in commerce, medicine, and the arts, WH Allen, 1873.
15. Morton JF. Cattails (Typha spp.)—weed problem or potential crop? Economic Botany. 1975; 29 (1):7-29.
16. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoea of India API.
17. Witztum A, Wayne R. Fiber cables in leaf blades of Typha domingensis and their absence in Typha elephantina: a diagnostic character for phylogenetic affinity. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences. 2016; 63 (2):116-123.
18. Niklas KJ. Plant biomechanics: an engineering approach to plant form and function, University of Chicago press, 1992.
20. Perveen A. A palynological survey of aquatic flora of Karachi-Pakistan. Turkish Journal of Botany. 1999; 23 (5):309-318.
21. El-Ameir Y. Spatial distribution and nutritive value of two Typha species in Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Botany. 2013; 53 (1):91-113.
22. Khare CP. Ayurvedic pharmacopoeial plant drugs: expanded therapeutics, Routledge, 2015.
23. Sen N, et al. An in vivo study regarding analgesic and anxiolytic activity of methanolic extract of Typha elephantina Roxb. Clinical Phytoscience. 2018; 4 (1):2.
24. Panda V, Thakur T. Wound healing activity of the inflorescence of Typha elephantina (Cattail). The international journal of lower extremity wounds. 2014; 13 (1):50-57.
25. The Wealth of India Raw Materials Series, Publications and Information Directorate,
26. Chatterjee A, Pakrashi SC. Treatise on Indian medicinal plants, Publications and Information Directorate, 1991.
27. Akhtar H, Virmani O. Dictionary of Indian Medicinal Plants; Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Lucknow, 1992.
28. Khare CP. Indian medicinal plants: an illustrated dictionary, Springer Science and Business Media, 2008.
29. Kim C, Choi H-K. Molecular systematics and character evolution of Typha (Typhaceae) inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data. Taxon. 2011; 60 (5):1417-1428.
30. Gage A. The Commercial Products of India, being an abridgment of “The Dictionary of the Economic Products of India”. Nature. 1908; 79 (2042):184.
31. Porcher FP. Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests, Medical, Economical, and Agricultural: Being Also a Medical Botany of the Confederate States: with Practical Information on the Useful Properties of the Trees, Plants, and Shrubs, Steam-Power Press of Evans and Cogswell, 1863.
32. Densmore F. Uses of plants by the Chippewa Indians. Forty-fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology 1926–1927. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1928.
33. Seshavatharam V. Traditional uses and problem of noxious growth. Ecology and management of aquatic vegetation in the Indian subcontinent. Springer, 1990.
34. Rahman MM, et al. Evaluation of analgesic activity of the different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. International journal of pharmacognosy. 2014; 1 (6):380-383.
35. Rahman M. Typha elephantine Roxb.: Biological Investigation of Roots, M Rahman, 2012.
36. Bulbul L, et al. In vitro anthelmintic and cytotoxic activities of the methanolic extract of Typha elephantina Roxb. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2013; 3 (4):3519.
37. Panda V, et al. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of the Inflorescence of Typha Elephantina (Cattail) in Rats. Indian journal of pharmacology. Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd b-9, Kanara Business Centre, Off Link …, 2013.
38. Sen N, et al. Assessment of thrombolytic, membrane stabilizing potential and total phenolic content of Typha elephantina Roxb. Journal of medicinal plants research. 2016; 10 (38):669-675.
39. Brahmanand P, et al. Studies on performance of rice as influenced by drainage in Eastern India. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 2009; 55 (3):295-300.