Author(s): Moyad Shahwan, Ammar Jairoun, Nageeb Hassan, Muaed Al-Omer, Shab Alkhoujah, Hanan Mohi, Batool Nidal, Fatima Akrama


DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00915.4   

Address: Moyad Shahwan1*, Ammar Jairoun2, Nageeb Hassan1, Muaed Al-Omer1, Shab Alkhoujah1, Hanan Mohi1, Batool Nidal1, Fatima Akrama1
1Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Ajman University, PO Box 346, Ajman, UAE.
2Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 11,     Year - 2020

Background: Thalassemia is a blood disorder passed through families; it’s chronic inherited anemia can be passed from parents to the kids, at least one of the parents must be carrier of the thalassemia. It’s genetic disorder it’s caused by either a genetic mutation or a deletion of certain key gene fragments. Objectives: The overall aim of this study is to improve our understanding regarding the thalassemia knowledge and believes among dentistry and pharmacy students of Ajman University (AU). Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional s study designed carried out among convenience sample of Ajman university dentistry and pharmacy students. The survey was carried out by using a self-administrated questionnaire. The later was composed into demographic, socio-economic, and knowledge and believes towards Thalassemia. Result: A total of 257 subjects participated in the study and completed the whole questionnaire. The study demonstrates satisfactory level of knowledge and awareness towards Thalassemia. Older participants, who were in the last years of study, non-vegetarians, who had relatives with thalassemia and who had seen thalassemia patients scored better in knowledge and awareness towards Thalassemia. Conclusion: Dentistry and pharmacy student do not practice the concept of safe health precautions in spite of having adequate knowledge, therefore education is not enough to change the population behavior with regarding thalassemia concept. However, they are with the compulsory screening, abortion and directive counselling in UAE.

Cite this article:
Moyad Shahwan, Ammar Jairoun, Nageeb Hassan, Muaed Al-Omer, Shab Alkhoujah, Hanan Mohi, Batool Nidal, Fatima Akrama. Assessment of the Knowledge, Perception and Practice regarding Thalassemia Prevention among Medical students in Ajman University. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(11):5229-5234. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00915.4

1.    The Origins of Thalassemia. Available from URL: [Last accessed on 2019 Oct 16].
2.    Cooley’s Anemia Foundation. Leading the Fight against Thalassemia; 2011.p. 12. Available from: [Last accessed on 2019 Oct 16].
3.    Al Hajeri A, Al Arrayed S. Public awareness of beta thalassemia in Bahrain. Bahrain Medical Bulletin. 2012; 34(1): 26-29.
4.    Ansari S, et al. Quality of life in patients with thalassemia major. Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 2014; 4(2): 57.
5.    Basu M. A study on knowledge, attitude and practice about thalassemia among general population in outpatient department at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata. J Preven Medic Holistic Health. 2015; 1(1): 6-13.
6.    Modell B, Darlison M. Global epidemiology of haemoglobin disorders and derived service indicators. Bull World Health Organ. 2008; 86:480-7.
7.    Grow K, Vashist M, Abrol P, Sharma S, Yadav R. Beta thalassemia in India: Current status and the challenges ahead. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2014; 6:28-33.
8.    Barakat-Haddad C. Prevalence of high blood pressure, heart disease, thalassemia, sickle-cell anemia, and iron-deficiency anemia among the UAE adolescent population. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2013; 2013.
9.    Dhirar N, et al. Thalassemia Major: how do we improve quality of life?. Springer Plus. 2016; 5(1): 1895.
10.    Gharaibeh H, Mater F. Young Syrian adults' knowledge, perceptions and attitudes to premarital testing. International Nursing Review. 2009; 56(4): 450-455.
11.    Angantiniotis MA, Hadjiminas MG. Prevention of thalassemia in Cyprus. The Lancet. 1981; 1: 369-371.
12.    Wilson JMG, Jungner G. Principles and practice of screening for disease. Public Health Paper. 1968; 65: 281-393.
13.    Adams J, Hillman M. The risk compensation theory and bicycle helmets. Injury Prevention. 2001; 7: 89-91.
14.    Ibrahim NK, et al. Premarital Screening and Genetic Counselling program: knowledge, attitude, and satisfaction of attendees of governmental outpatient clinics in Jeddah. J Infect Public Health. 2013; 6: 41-54.
15.    Mudiyanse RM. Thalassemia Treatment and Prevention in Uva Province Sri Lanka: Public opinion survey. Hemoglobin. 2006; 30: 275-289.
16.    Cousens NE, et al. Carrier screening for Betathalassaemia: a review of international practice. European Journal of Human Genetics. 2010; 18: 1077–1083.
17.    Ahmadnezhad E, et al. Evaluation and cost analysis of national health policy of thalassemia screening in west-Azerbaijan province of Iran. Int J Prev Med.  2012; 3: 687-692.
18.    Michie S, et al.  Nondirectiveness in genetic counselling: an empirical study. Am J Hum Genet. 1997; 60: 40–47.
19.    Palihawadana P, et al. Epidemiology unit Ministry of Health Sri Lanka. Comprehensive multi-year plan for immunization 2012 - 2016.
20.    Mudiyansa RM. Safe marriage for thalassemia prevention; the gap between knowledge and practice among medical students. Austin J Pediatr. 2015; 2(2): 1023.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): G. Bhavani, R. Navaneethan

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00269.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Amina Mehrin Bano, Vishnupriya. V, Gayathri. R

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00171.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ilankizhai R. J.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00185.2         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Karthikeson P.S , Gayathri.R, Vishnu Priya.V

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00289.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): P. Geetha, M. Kousalya, S. Geetha Lakshmi, R. Gopi.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00046.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Archana Kushwaha, Jayanti Jaiswal, Priya Singh, Neha Rathore, Jai Prakash Dhruw, Ishu Sahu, Chhaya Singh, Krinsha Kumar Sahu, Mukta Agrawal, D. K. Tripathi, Ajazuddin, Amit Alexander

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00270.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): A. Ashwatha Pratha, M. S. Thenmozhi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00167.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Meenakshi K, Safa M, Karthick T, Sivaranjani N

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00253.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Young Mi Ryu, Myungsun Yi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00421.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Amrutha.S.Kumar, M.Sekar Babu , Vijey Aanandhi M

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00032.4         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Homendra Kumar Sahu, Kamdev Sen, Raju Patel, Hulash Sahu, Deepika Sahu, Gulshan Sahu, Chandrashekhar Jain, Narayan Prasad Chandra, Mukta Agrawal, D. K. Tripathi, Ajazuddin, Amit Alexander

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00173.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Anupama Deepak, Saravana Kumar

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00264.X         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mahadeva Rao US, San San Oo, Nurul Liana Sabrin, Norsyahira Syazwana Mohd Razali, Khairunnisa Khalid, Nurul Farihah Mohamed Nadzari, Thant Zin

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00065.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Recent Articles