Author(s): Soja A, S. Jayakumari


DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00903.8   

Address: Soja A1, Dr. S. Jayakumari2
1Assistant Professor, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Government T D Medical College, Alappuzha.
2Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacognosy, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 11,     Year - 2020

Homalium zeylanicum (Gardn.) Benth. (Syn. H. ceylanicum) belonging to family Salicaceae (Flacourtiaceae) and is distributed in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, native to south India and srilanka. It is also found in Bangladesh, Laos. Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and Vietnam. The various parts of plant having many traditional medicinal uses, include analgesic anti-inflammatory hepatoprotective, anthelimintic antioxidant, cytotoxic diabetes, wound healing and rheumatism. Review of literature revealed that the scientific evaluation on various parts of the plants has not been carried out. Objective: Objective of the present study is to evaluate the various parts of plant Homalium zeylanicum Benth with its morphology, anatomy, and physiochemical aspects. Materials and Method: The plant specimens for the proposed study were collected from Thenmala of Kollam District in Kerala, herbarium was provided and certified. Macroscopic and. Microscopic examinations were done as per standard protocol. Physicochemical parameters of both leaf and bark were done following standard procedure. The anatomical characters and values obtained from study can help in standardization. Results and Conclusion: Whole plant subjected for anatomical works, leaf and bark powder subjected for microscopic and physiochemical parameter measurement which provides relevant information about the plant. The current observation about this plant will also be helpful in differentiating this species from closely related species of same family.

Cite this article:
Soja A, S. Jayakumari. Pharmacognostical and Physicochemical Evaluation of Homalium zeylanicum Benth. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(11):5165-5170. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00903.8

1.    Sunisha Kulkarni, Shyam Bihari Sharma and Lalita Sharma. Herbal drugs in India and their standardization. Current Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences.2013;( 1): 10-14
2.    Pulok K. Mukherjee .Quality control of herbal drugs an approach to evaluation of botanicals, Business Horizons, New Delhi 2008.
3.    Pranay Wal, Rashmi Saxena Pal, et al., Pharmacognostic evaluation and standardization of the leaves of Punica granatum. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology.2019:12(6): 2832-2837
4.    S F Blake. The genus Homalium in America. Contributions from United States National Herbarium 1919:20(7):221
5.    International plant name index [homepage on internet]. 2004. Available from:
6.    Sue Zmarzty Don Krikup, herbarium, Kew. Interactive Key to Genera of Salicaceae sensu lato and Achariaceae sensu lato.
7.    Sililan K . Homalium zeylanicum (Gardner) Bentham. J Linn Soc Bot.1859:(4):35
8.    DR N Sasidharan (2004). Biodiversity documentation for kerala flowering plants part 6:32
9.    Gamble, FI, Madras Sasidharan (1860) Biodiversity documentation For Kerala Flowering Plants. J. Linn. Soc. Bot, 4(35).
10.    R. Hegnauer, "Chemotaxonomie der Ptlanzen," Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, 1989, p. 487.
11.    Ekabo OA, Farnsworth NR, Santisuk T, Reutrakul V. Phenolic, iridoid and ionyl glycosides from Homalium zeylanicum. Phytochemistry. 1993 Feb 1; 32(3):747-54.
12.    Ekabo OA, Farnsworth NR, Santisuk T, Reutrakul V. A phytochemical investigation of Homalium zeylanicum. Journal of Natural Products. 1993 May; 56(5):699-707.
13.    Sass, J E. Elements of botanical microtechnique. McGraw Hill book Co; New York.1940. pp.222
14.    Johansen, D.A. Plant microtechnique. Mc Graw Hill Book Co; New York.1940.pp.523
15.    O, Brien, T.P; Feder, N. and Mc Cull, M.E. Polychromatic staining of plant cell walls by toluidine blue-O.Protoplasma.1964.59:364-373
16.    Wallis, T.E., “Textbook of Pharmacognosy”, CBS publications, New Delhi, 1985 VI ed,: 139-140, 566-570.
17.    Kumar S, Kumar V, Prakash O. Microscopic evaluation and physiochemical analysis of Dillenia indica leaf. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2011;1:337–340
18.    Singh S, Machawal L, Chauhan MG. Pharmacognostic study of male leaves of Trichosanthes dioica Roxb. with special emphasis on microscopic technique. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy. 2010 Jul 31;2(5):71-5.
19.    Praveena A, Sanjayan KP. Pharmacognostic Studies on Root-bark and fruit of Morinda tinctoria Roxb. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018 Jul 1;10(3):211-5.
20.    Indian Pharmacopoeia. Government of India, Ministry of Health Welfare, Controller of Publications, New Delhi, Edn 4, Vol. I, 1996, A53-A54.
21.    WHO/PHARM/2.559/rev.1. Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plant Materials. Organization Mondiale De La Sante, Geneva., 1992, 9-34.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Nimbalkar V.V., Pansare P.M., Nishane B.B.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00310.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rakhi Mehra, Renu Makhija, Neera Vyas

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Niha Naveed, Karthikeyan Murthykumar, Subasree Soundarajan, Sripradha Srinivasan

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rahar Sandeep, Nagpal Navneet, Swami Gaurav, Arora Manisha, Bansal Suraj, Goyal Sandeep, Singla Shwali, Singh Preeti, Kapoor Reni

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Priya P. Munshi, D.S. Mohale, R. Akkalwar, A.V. Chandewar

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sandeep D. S, Prashant Nayak, Jobin Jose, Rishal Relita M, Sumana D. R.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00317.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Deepak Karki, Gururaj S. Kulkarni, Shivakumar Swamy, Sheeba FR

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00750.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Manju Rawat, SJ Daharwal, Deependra Singh

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Vaseeha Banu T.S., Sandhya K.V., K.N. Jayaveera

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Praveen D, Ranadheer Chowdary P, Gandikota Thanmayi, Gangabathina Poojitha, Vijey Aanandhi M

DOI: 0.5958/0974-360X.2016.00047.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Dhanalekshmi UnniKrishnan Nair, MP Saraswathy, Narra Kishore, Neelakanta Reddy Pully

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S. R Suseem, Dhanish Joseph

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00067.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): B. Thawkar, M. Kale, M. Oswal, K. Maniyar, K. Kadam, S. Kamat

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00044.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Hayat M. Mukhtar, Vandna Kalsi

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00395.5         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sandesh More, Javed Mirza, Nanasaheb Kale, Mayur Gandhi, Rakesh Chaudhari

DOI: Not Available         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.... Read more >>>

RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

56th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Recent Articles