In order to obtain safe and effective herbal mosquito repellent formulations by combining selected plant materials, the present study was conducted to establish the mosquito repellent efficacy of some selected plant materials. Essential oils of Origanum majorana (Marua/Marwa), Tanacetum cinerarifolium (Pyrethrum), Juniperus communis (Aiteal), Scented geranium (Pelargonium), Thuja occidentalis L. (Arbor Vitae, White Cedor/Yellow Cedor), Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. Ex Kunth (Piliya/ Pila Kaner/ Yellow Bells, Artenmisia arborescent (Worm Wood/Mugworts, and Calamintha acinos (Thyme Basil) were Purchased from a reliable source. Essential oil containing ethanol solutions was prepared by 10 percent (V/V percent) of each essential oil plant and testing of mosquito repellent behavior was performed using arm-in-cage process. Volunteer's forearm, rubbed with 1ml of the test solution, was exposed to the cage where 25 blood-seeking mosquitoes were put and the amount of mosquitoes aligning or biting the arm in each minute was registered for five minutes each. Three replicates were performed for each essential oil that contained ethanol solutions. A 16 percent (V/V percent) mosquito repellent formulation after analyzing the mosquito repellent activity of individual essential oils. Outdoor and indoor field trials were performed around 5p.m. And 10:00p.m. After two days the mosquito repellent formulation is applied to the volunteer legs. This formulation demonstrated 100 percent repellence of mosquitoes in outdoor and indoor field studies that were performed for 5 hours each day for two days. The gel showed 97 percent mosquito repellence in outdoor and indoor field trials that were conducted for two days for six hours each day.
Cite this article:
Deepak Kumar Gupta, Revathi A. Gupta. Development of Poly Herbal Mosquito Repellent. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(10):4871-4874. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00857.4
Deepak Kumar Gupta, Revathi A. Gupta. Development of Poly Herbal Mosquito Repellent. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2020; 13(10):4871-4874. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00857.4 Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2020-13-10-60
1. Karande M.K., Chavare D. S protozoal infection a Life-Threatening malady, analysis front.2014; 2:79-84.
2. Jaiswal P, Srinivasan S, Mehta V K, Banerjee A, Acharya I. Malaria on the move: Ecological Issues for the Armed Force. MAFI 2007; 63:112-114.
3. Adeniran O. I. and F.E. A cream formulation of an efficient two-winged insects repellent: a topical product from lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon citratus) Stapf. Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resource. 2012; 2(2):322-327.
4. Sharma S., Jadon U.A Review on low value seasoner two-winged insects repellent from Begunia Leaf, IJARPB.2011; 1(1):17-21.
5. Solomon B, Sahle F.F, Gebre-Mariam T, Asres K, Neubett R.H. Microencapsulation of citronella oil for mosquito-repellent application: Formulation and in vitro permeation studies, European Journal of Medicine and Biopharmaceutics.2012; 80(1):61-66.
6. Adia M.M., Anywar G., Byamukama R., Mugisha M. K., Sekegya Y., Kakudidi E.K., Kiremire B.T. Medicinal Plants used in malaria treatment by prometra herbalists in Uganda, Journal of Ethno Pharmacology, 2014; 155: 580-588.
7. Agrawal S., Haldankar N., Jadhav A. Formulation of Natural Mosquito Repellent: International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 2018; 4(1):11-17.
8. Liu W., Zhang J., Hashim J.H., Jalaludin J., Hashim Z., Bernard D. G. Mosquito coil emissions and health implications. Environmental Health Perspectives.2003 Sep; 111(12): 1454–1460.