Sergey Kotelevets, Sergey Chekh, Zukhra Karakotova
Sergey Kotelevets1*, Sergey Chekh2, Zukhra Karakotova3
1North Caucasus State Academy, Medical Institute, PhD in Medical Sciences, Professor, Cherkessk, Russian Federation.
2North Caucasus State Academy of Humanities and Technology, Head of Department of Software Development, Cherkessk, Russian Federation.
3North Caucasus State Academy of Humanities and Technology, Medical Institute, PhD Student, Cherkessk, Russian Federation.
Volume - 12,
Issue - 9,
Year - 2019
The ethnic and the gender factors materially affect the prevalence of gastric atrophy.? All the patients were divided into five ethnic groups: Russians, Karachays, Abazins, Circassians, Nogais. The decrease in serum gastrin-17 less than 10 pmol/l is a sensitive and specific biomarker for antral mucosal atrophy, pepsinogen-I less than 25 µg/l is a corpus mucosal atrophy biomarker (Se - 89% and 92%, Sp - 97% and 96%). Gastrin-17 and pepsinogen-I are also sensitive and specific biomarkers for mild, moderate, severe atrophy of the antrum and corpus (for severe antral mucosal atrophy Se - 96%, Sp - 92%, for severe corpus mucosal atrophy Se - 88%, Sp - 97%). A total of 75 patients with multifocal atrophic gastritis were examined histologically. 67 patients had gastrin-17 <10 pmol/l and pepsinogen-I <25 µg/l at the same time. 7 patients had gastrin-17 from 10 to 11.5 pmol/l, 1 patient had gastrin-17 = 19 pmol/l (Se - 89%). Therefore, the level of gastrin-17 and pepsinogen-I simultaneously decreases among patients with multifocal atrophic gastritis. The prevalence of atrophic gastritis is significantly different among some ethnic populations living in the same territory under the same environmental and living conditions. These differences prove the presence of genetic polymorphism in different ethnic groups of the population.
Cite this article:
Sergey Kotelevets, Sergey Chekh, Zukhra Karakotova. Modern Possibilities of the Use of Non-Invasive Serological Biomarkers Severe in Population Studies. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2019; 12(9):4274-4282. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00735.2