Krishnaveni K, Shanmuga Sundaram R, Sambath Kumar R, Sumitha SK, Teena Johny, Rosmi Jose
Krishnaveni K1*, Shanmuga Sundaram R2, Sambath Kumar R3, Sumitha SK4, Teena Johny4, Rosmi Jose4
1Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Namakkal District, Tamilnadu, India.
2Department of Pharmacology, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Tamilnadu, India
3Department of Pharmaceutics, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Tamilnadu, India
4Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Tamilnadu, India
Volume - 11,
Issue - 2,
Year - 2018
Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess the self-medication practices among the Ernakulam people in Kerala, India. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at 3 community pharmacies at Ernakulam in Kerala. The study included 327 people visiting the pharmacy for purchasing drugs without prescriptions over a period of 3 months beginning from October to December 2016. Results: Out of 327 members, we found that percentage of male purchasing OTC drugs was 70.95% and the percentage of female was 29.05%. Our data shows that people in the age group of 20-30 years (43.42%) were taking more OTC drug than 30-40 years (26.60%), 40-50 years (19.88%) and remaining 10.1% in 50-60 years of age. Unemployed people 174(53.30%) were using more OTC drugs than self-employee 98(29.96%) and government employee 55(16.84%). Quick relief 185(56.57%) was the main reason for self-medication than high consultant fee 98(29.97%) and lack of time 44(13.46%). The sources of self-medication was found to be doctor’s previous prescriptions 185(56.57%), pharmacist 119(36.39%), TV/ Radio 11(3.34%) and books 12(3.70%). The most commonly used category of self-medicationwas analgesics/antipyretics 174(53.22%) of which fever 131(40.08%) was the main indication for the use of OTC drugs followed by antitussive 130(39.75%) and laxative 23(7.03%). Conclusion: From our study, we concluded that self-medication was very common among 20-30 years age group of male people inErnakulam. Quick relief is the main reason for self-medication. The survey high lights the urgent need of public education about specific risk or side effects of self-medication.
Cite this article:
Krishnaveni K, Shanmuga Sundaram R, Sambath Kumar R, Sumitha SK, Teena Johny, Rosmi Jose. A Study of Self Medication Practices among the People in Ernakulam District, Kerala, India. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2018; 11(2):700-704. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00132.4