Jong-Im Kim, Sun Kyung Kim, Hyunjoo Kim, Sunae Kim, Taehui Kim, Keumok Park, Bohyun Kim
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Jong-Im Kim1, Sun Kyung Kim2*, Hyunjoo Kim3, Sunae Kim4, Taehui Kim1, Keumok Park1, Bohyun Kim1
1College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Republic of Korea
2Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Republic of Korea
3Department of Nursing, Korea National University of Transportation, Republic of Korea
4Department of Nursing, Kkottongnae University, Republic of Korea
Volume - 10,
Issue - 9,
Year - 2017
Background/Objectives: The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a health-promoting exercise program, based on an education-delivery system for community-dwelling elders living alone.
Methods/Statistical analysis: This was a quasi experimental study. Participants were recruited from two senior centers in two cities. A total of 58 elders living alone were recruited at two social-welfare centers; 58 completed both the pretest and posttest. The experimental group received a total of 8 sessions of a health-promoting exercise program, led by community residents participating in a senior-employment project.
Findings: The mean age of study participants for the experimental and control groups was 74.48 and 77.40, respectively. The majority of study participants were female (77.1%) and had religion (87.5%), and 60.4% were uneducated or undereducated. Only 14.6% of participants perceived their health status to be good. In a homogeneity test, no statistically significant difference emerged between the experimental and control groups in any outcome variables including pain, flexibility, life satisfaction, self-esteem, or depression. In evaluating the effectiveness of peer health supporters who led the health-promoting exercise program for 8 weeks, a statistically significant improvement emerged for one variable: self-esteem. No statistically significant changes emerged in any outcome variables for the experimental and control groups.
Improvements/Applications: This study illustrated the possibility of engaging the senior-employment project to aid in the health promotion of elderly community residents. Further study is necessary to develop an effective education-delivery system emphasizing the role of community-resident peer participation.
Cite this article:
Jong-Im Kim, Sun Kyung Kim, Hyunjoo Kim, Sunae Kim, Taehui Kim, Keumok Park, Bohyun Kim. Effects of a Peer-Delivered Health-Promoting Exercise Program for Community-Dwelling Elders. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2017; 10(9): 3069-3073. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00544.3