Author(s): Mohammed Yahya Hadi, Imad Hadi Hameed, Israa Adnan Ibraheam

Email(s): imad_dna@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00649.7   

Address: Mohammed Yahya Hadi1, Imad Hadi Hameed*2, Israa Adnan Ibraheam3
1College of Biotechnology, Al-Qasim Green University, Iraq
2College of Nursing, University of Babylon, Iraq
3Department of Biology, College of Science for women, University of Babylon, Iraq
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 10,      Issue - 10,     Year - 2017


ABSTRACT:
Commonly known as the carob tree. The carob tree is native to the mediterranean region, including Southern Europe, Northern Africa, the larger mediterranean islands, the Levant and Middle-East of Western Asia into Iran; and the Canary Islands and Macaronesia. The carat, a unit of mass for gemstones, and of purity for gold, takes its name, indirectly, from the Greek word for a carob seed, kerátion. C. siliqua is the only Mediterranean tree with the main flowering season in autumn (September-November). However, the time and the length of the flowering period depend on local climatic conditions, as with most fruit and nut trees. Carob bean size is a highly variable character, influenced by many environmental factors as well as level of pollination and fruit set. Pollen dispersal is by insects, mainly bees, flies, wasps and night-flying moths. C. siliqua pods provide fodder for ruminants and non-ruminants. Endosperm and embryo of the seed can be ground and used for pet food. The fodder is now being used in zero-grazing in Mediterranean countries. Ripe carob pods contain large amounts of condensed tannins (16-20% of dry weight). Tannins extracted from the pulp act as an anti-diarrhoetic. Ground pulp and seed endosperm are used in the preparation of pharmaceutical products.


Cite this article:
Mohammed Yahya Hadi, Imad Hadi Hameed, Israa Adnan Ibraheam. Ceratonia siliqua: Characterization, Pharmaceutical Products and Analysis of Bioactive Compounds: A Review. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2017; 10(10):3585-3589. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00649.7

Cite(Electronic):
Mohammed Yahya Hadi, Imad Hadi Hameed, Israa Adnan Ibraheam. Ceratonia siliqua: Characterization, Pharmaceutical Products and Analysis of Bioactive Compounds: A Review. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2017; 10(10):3585-3589. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00649.7   Available on: https://rjptonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2017-10-10-73


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RNI: CHHENG00387/33/1/2008-TC                     
DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X 

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