Calocybe indica are edible mushroom and used in the ailments of various disease. The physiochemical, phytochemical and antioxidant activity of hydroalcoholic lyophilized and oven dried extract of Calocybe indica were investigated. The total ash, water soluble, acid insoluble, alcohol soluble extractive, water soluble extractive, moisture content and fluorescence property of Calocybe indica powder were evaluated. The hydroalcoholic lyophilized and oven dried extract of Calocybe indica were prepared; and phytochemical investigation was performed to check the presence of various phytoconstituents in both extracts. The capacity of antioxidant property of lyophilized and oven dried extract were evaluated by using DPPH, Superoxide anion Scavenging, total phenolic and total flavonoids model. The findings of physiochemical properties can be used for the identification and purity of the drug. This study revealed the presence of proteins in lyophilized extract, while carbohydrates, glycosides, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and tannins were present in both the extracts. The lyophilized extract demonstrated higher antioxidant activity compared to oven dried extract. The outcomes suggest that the therapeutic activities of Calocybe indica can be attributed to its antioxidant property.
Cite this article:
Amit Roy, Pushpa Prasad. Study of Physicochemical, Preliminary Phytochemical and Antioxidant activity of Calocybe indica. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 9(1): Jan., 2016; Page 53-59. doi: 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00010.X