Chemical constituents and biological activity of plant drug Acorus calamus Linn. (family:Araceae) was reviewed. Different parts of the plant showed the presence of large number of phenyl propanoids, sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes as well as xanthone glycosides, flavones, lignans, steroids and inorganic constituents. It is also reported to possess insecticidal, larvicidal, antibacterial, mutagenic, cytotoxic, hepatoprotective, anticonvulsant,neuroleptic,smooth muscle relaxant and smooth muscle stimulant activity.
Cite this article:
Arasan Elaya Raja, M Vijayalakshmi, Garikapati Devalarao. Acorus calamus linn. : Chemistry and Biology. Research J. Pharm. and Tech.2(2): April.-June.2009,;Page 256-261.