Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is generally considered to be a developmental disorder, largely neurological in nature, affecting about 5% of the world's population. The disorder typically presents itself during childhood, and is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity, as well as forgetfulness, poor impulse control or impulsivity, and distractibility. ADHD is currently considered to be a persistent and chronic condition for which no medical cure is available. ADHD is most commonly diagnosed in children and, over the past decade, has been increasingly diagnosed in adults. About 60% of children diagnosed with ADHD retain the disorder as adults. While the majority of ADHD is believed to be genetic in nature, roughly 1/5 of all ADHD cases are thought to be acquired after conception due to brain injury caused by either toxins or physical trauma prenatally or postnatally. ADHD is today generally regarded as a chronic disorders for which there are some effective treatments. Methods of treatment usually involve some combination of medications, behavior modifications, life style changes, and counseling. The symptoms of ADHD are not as profoundly different from normal behavior as are those of other chronic mental disorders. Still, ADHD has been shown to often impair functioning, and many adverse life outcomes are associated with ADHD.
Cite this article:
Komal Roopchandani, SK Prajapati. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: An Overview. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 1(4): Oct.-Dec. 2008;Page 292-297.