Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   11

Issue No. :  9

Year :  2018

Pages :   3892-3896

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Nursing Workload in Relation to Nosocomial Infection in Public Hospital Intensive Care Unit, Malaysia



Address:   Azura Abdul Halain1, Kim Lam Soh1, Airini Ibrahim2, Salimah Japar1, Swee Leong Ong3, Abdurrahman Muhammad Sani4,5, Kim Geok Soh6
1Department of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Faculty Health Science Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
2Department of Surgery, Faculty Health Science Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
3School of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu Malaysia,
4Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Health Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
5Department of Sport Studies, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
6Sports Academy, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00713.8

ABSTRACT:
Nosocomial infections (NIs) is an infection acquired in the hospital and becomes evident 48 hours after admission to the hospital. It continues to be a major problem affecting patient safety and quality of care in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). One of the most pertinent factors leading to NIs is nursing workload. The aim of the study is to determine nursing workload on NIs rate in the ICU, Hospital Serdang. A retrospective cross sectional study was used. Data were collected from NIs surveillance, staff nurses’ duty roster and patient census by using a performa. The result in this study shows, 19 %( n=88) cases of NIs were detected in 12 %( n=57) of patient. There was significant moderate positive relationship between the number of infection and the total number of nurses working overtime (r= 0.66, n=88, p = 0.001) and the number of infection and the total number of new staffs (r= 0.51, n=88, p = 0.001). There was significant weak positive relationship between the number of infection and the total number of nurses taking medical leave or emergency leave (r= 0.33, n=88, p = 0.001). This study provide a baseline to improve nursing staffing in ICU. Future planning of ICU staffing should be comprehensive so that patients are not disadvantaged.
KEYWORDS:
Nosocomial infection, nursing workload, ICU staffing.
Cite:
Azura Abdul Halain, Kim Lam Soh, Airini Ibrahim, Salimah Japar, Swee Leong Ong, Abdurrahman Muhammad Sani, Kim Geok Soh. Nursing Workload in Relation to Nosocomial Infection in Public Hospital Intensive Care Unit, Malaysia. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2018; 11(9): 3892-3896.
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