Formulation and Evaluation of Herbal Lipstick

 

Bachhav Devidas G1*, Deore Leena P1, Quraishi Shahid R1, Ghavate Vilas B2, Rode Ramdas B3

1MGV’S Samajshri Prashantdada Hiray College of Pharmacy,

LVH Marg, Malegaon Camp, Malegaon, Nashik (MS).

2Soni College of Pharmacy, Sonai (MS), India.

3Sidhi’s Institue of Pharmacy, Nandgaon, Murbad (MS).

*Corresponding Author E-mail: devidas015@yahoo.co.in

 

ABSTRACT:

Herbal cosmetics are in increasing demand all over the world and are a priceless gift of nature. There is a wide range of herbal products to suit the beauty regimen. Due to various adverse effects of available synthetic preparation, the present work was formulation of an herbal lipstick having minimal or no side effects. Herbal lipstick formulated using bees wax, white soft paraffin, castor oil, olive oil, lemon oil, peppermint oil, shikakai powder, vanilla essence and natural pigments of turmeric, cocoa powder, raktachandan and ratanjot bark .All the formulations evaluated for their quality, showing the satisfactory results. Formulation 4 (containing ratanjot pigment) is the best formulation of all formulated herbal lipstick as compare to other formulations.

 

KEYWORDS: Herbal, Natural, Pigment, color, Lipstick.

 

 


INTRODUCTION: 

Herbal cosmetics are also known as natural cosmetics.1 Herbal cosmetics are in increasing demand all over the world and are a priceless gift of nature. There is a wide range of herbal products to suit the beauty regimen. The drawback of the personal healthcare system is the side effects of synthetic preparation hence; people are opting for herbal medicine.2     At present global market for herbal cosmetics is $ 1500 billion and is estimated to grow at the rate of 25% per annum.3 The annual turnover of the Indian herbal medicinal drugs industry is about Rs. 7,500 crore and the pharmaceutical industry’s turnover of Rs. 14,500 crore with a growth rate of more than 15%.4

 

The world herbal is a symbol of safety in contrast to the synthetic one which has adverse effects on human health. There are different types of herbal preparations such as herbal shampoo, herbal sindhur, herbal tablets, herbal lipstick, herbal paste, and herbal contraceptives. Herbal lipstick has become more popular among the consumer.

 

 

Herbal medicine represent the fastest growing segment to heal the various aliment possibly, the herbal users desire to assume control over health care needs, perhaps the large in personal healthcare system is unpatable to many and they turn to herbal medicine due to increase in side effects of available synthetic preparations.5,6,7

 

Lipstick containing synthetic colorants made from harmful chemicals and is very harmful to our skin. lipstick shows many types of side effects such as allergies, nausea, skin, and dryness of the lips as well as other/used and fatal. Lipsticks are most widely used cosmetic added in the makeup to enhance the beauty of lips. A good lipstick should have persuading characteristics and be acceptable to consumers, such as having a suitable texture and antioxidant properties. Bases, oils, emollients and colorants are among the variety of components that contribute to the properties of fine lipstick. Texture, melting point and hardness of the lipstick are the dominant characteristics that are modified by varying the ratio of the components that are used in the formulation.8

 

Colorants or pigments are the components that play an important role in the lipstick formulation as it determines the aesthetic value of the lipstick. Colorants can be natural and synthetic sources. Synthetic colours are manufactured chemically.9 Lipstick containing synthetic colorants made from harmful chemicals and is very harmful to our skin. lipstick shows many types of side effects such as allergies, nausea, skin, and dryness of the lips as well as other / used and fatal.10 Due to side effects of synthetic colors leads the increase in use of natural colors in formulation lipstick. Natural colours are extracted from natural sources such as plants, insects, algae.9,11

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Materials:

Turmeric, Cocoa powder, Raktachandan, Ratanjot bark, Bees wax, White soft paraffin, Kokum butter, Vit.E., Castor oil, Olive oil, Shikakai powder, Lemon oil, Piperment oil, Eugenol, Vanilla essence, Pigments.

 

Methods:

Extraction of color pigments:

1. Raktachandan:

i.    The solubility of raktachandan powder was checked and found to be insoluble in water and soluble in oil.

ii.   The extraction was done by using castor oil as extraction medium.

iii. Raktachandan powder (4gm) was weighed and mixed with 10 ml of castor oil.

iv.  The above mixture was heated on water bath for 30 minutes.

v.   After that the mixture was filtered and the filtrate of powder was collected color pigment was obtained as reddish brown.

 

2. Ratanjot:

i.    Initially the bark was dried and then subjected to the size reduction.

ii.   Then solubility of ratanjot powder was checked and found to be insoluble in water and soluble in oil.

iii. The extraction was done by using castor oil as extraction medium.

iv. Ratanjot powder (4gm) was weighed and mixed with 10ml of castor oil.

v.   The above mixture was heated on water bath for 30 minutes.

vi. After that the mixture was filtered and the filtrate of powder was taken and color pigment, obtained as dark red.

 


 

Formulation of herbal lipsticks:


Table no.01:Different ingredients used for formulation of herbal lipsticks.

Sr. No.

Ingredients

F1 (Turmeric)

F2 (Cocoa powder)

F3 (Raktachandan)

F4 (Ratanjot)

01

Bees wax

15gm

15gm

15gm

15gm

02

White soft paraffin

5gm

5gm

5gm

5gm

03

Kokum butter

2gm

2gm

2gm

2gm

04

Vitamin E

1ml

1ml

1ml

1ml

05

Castor oil

7ml

7ml

7ml

7ml

06

Olive oil

3ml

3ml

3ml

3ml

07

Shikakai powder

1gm

1gm

1gm

1gm

08

Lemon oil

0.5ml

0.5ml

0.5ml

0.5ml

09

Peppermint oil

1ml

1ml

1ml

1ml

10

Eugenol

5ml

5ml

5ml

5ml

11

Vanilla essence

1ml

1ml

1ml

1ml

12

Pigment

2gm

2gm

2gm

2gm

 


Formulation: 1

i.    Primarily the mould was taken then it was cleaned by the distilled water. To promote easy withdraw of lipstick the mould was lubricated with the liquid Paraffin.

ii. All hard and soft waxes were taken in a beaker and melted. To this mixture sufficient quantity of peppermint oil, lemon oil was added and then turmeric pigment (2gm) was added.

iii. The melted mixture was poured in the mould and placed in a refrigerator for the lipstick to harden.

iv. After the lipstick gets hardened it was removed from the mould and was placed in the container.

 

 

Fig.no:1 Formulation 1

 

Formulation: 2

i.    Primarily the mould was taken then it was cleaned by the distilled water. To promote easy withdraw of lipstick the mould was lubricated with the liquid Paraffin.

ii.   All hard and soft waxes were taken in a beaker and melted. To this mixture sufficient quantity of peppermint oil, lemon oil was added and then cocoa powder pigment (2gm) was added.

iii.  The melted mixture was poured in the mould and placed in a refrigerator for the lipstick to harden. iv.After the lipstick gets hardened it was removed from the mould and was placed in the container.

 

 

Fig.no:2 Formulation 2

 

Formulation: 3

i.      Primarily the mould was taken then it was cleaned by the distilled water. To promote easy withdraw of lipstick the mould was lubricated with the liquid Paraffin.

ii.    All hard and soft waxes were taken in a beaker and melted. To this mixture sufficient quantity of peppermint oil, lemon oil was added and then raktachandan pigment (2gm) was added.

iii.  The melted mixture was poured in the mould and placed in a refrigerator for the lipstick to harden.

iv.   After the lipstick gets hardened it was removed from the mould and was placed in the container.

 

Fig.no:3 Formulation 3

 

Formulation: 4

i.      Primarily the mould was taken then it was cleaned by the distilled water. To promote easy withdraw of lipstick the mould was lubricated with the liquid Paraffin.

ii. All hard and soft waxes were taken in a beaker and melted. To this mixture sufficient quantity of peppermint oil, lemon oil added and then ratanjot pigment (2gm) added.

iii. The melted mixture was poured in the mould and placed in a refrigerator for the lipstick to harden.

iv.  After the lipstick gets hardened it is removed from the mould and was placed in the container.

 

 

Fig.no: 4 Formulation 4

 

Evaluation of herbal lipsticks:

1. Colour and texture:

The evaluation of color and texture was assessed by physical observation of the lipstick formulations.

 

2. Aging stability:

Formulation was stored at 400C for 1 hour and observed for various parameters such as application characteristics, crystallization of wax on surface and oil bleeds.12

 

3. Skin irritation test:

It was carried out by applying product on the skin for 10 min.13

 

4. Determination of pH:

Determined by using pH meter.14

 

5. Surface Anomalies:

All the herbal lipstick formed does not show any surface defects such as any crystal formation on lipstick surface, any contamination moulds and fungi.15

 

6. Solubility:

Solubility of all lipstick formulations was tested in various solvents.

 

7. Melting Point:

Melting point of all lipstick formulations were measured by capillary tube method. It's an indication to the limit of safe storage. Sufficient amount of lipstick was filled in capillary tubes, allowed to stand for appropriate time and at the prescribed temperature in capillary tube apparatus. The temperature at which lipstick begin to melt was taken as the melting point. Repeated the operation 3 times using four capillary tubes and result was calculated.16

 

8. Perfume stability:

To check the perfume stability lipstick formulations were stored in oven at 40°C and perfume stability was measured by periodic comparison of perfume with fresh lipstick.17

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

Table no.2 Evaluation parameter of formulated herbal lipsticks.

Sr.

No

Evaluation parameters

F1 (Turmeric)

F2 (Cocoa powder)

F3 (Raktachandan)

F4 (Ratanjot)

01

Colour

Yellow

Dark brown

Reddish brown

Dark red

02

Texture

Smooth

Smooth

Smooth

Smooth

03

Skin irritation test

No

No

No

No

04

Aging stability

Smooth

Smooth

Smooth

Smooth

05

pH

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.6

06

Surface anomalies

No defect

No defect

No defect

No defect

07

Solubility

Soluble

Soluble

Soluble

Soluble

08

Melting point

60-62°C

60-64°C

60-63°C

60-61°C

09

Perfume stability

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

 

The use of natural color pigments in lipstick formulation having minimum side effects. So, natural colorants can be used in the formulation of lipstick. Therefore use of natural color is step towards healthy cosmetics and can be widely sued by women with great pleasure. Different formulations were prepared by using turmeric, cocoa powder, raktachandan and ratanjot as a coloring pigment and effect of these natural ingredients on different evaluation parameters was studied.

 

Taking into consideration of both consistency and quality. Formulation 4 is the best formulation of all formulated herbal lipstick as compare to other formulations. The formulated herbal lipstick also possesses certain properties compared to available synthetic preparation like these are less toxic and possess anti-microbial and antioxidant property. From the quality control tests of all lipsticks formulations (F1 to F4) it can be concluded that herbal lipstick has better option to women though detailed clinical trials may be done to access the formulation stability for better efficacy.

 

CONCLUSION:

Herbal lipsticks were successfully formulated by using different natural ingredients and pigments. The formulation and evaluation of herbal lipstick with a hope to minimize the side effects as produced by conventional synthetic lipsticks. Coloring pigments such as turmeric, cocoa powder, raktachandan and ratanjot was found to be better alternative for synthetic one which may arise different side effects. It can be concluded that lipsticks formulated using herbal ingredients with a hope to minimize the side effects as produced by the available synthetic ones and has better option to women though detailed clinical trials required to access formulation efficacy.

 

REFERENCES:

1.      Chetan GJ. Mohit RK. Rituraj PC. Suraj KI. Use of Herbal Plant in Cosmaceutical Product. Research Journal Topical and Cosmetic Science. 2021:12(1):25-30.doi: 10.52711/2321-5844.2021.00004

2.      Kumar S. Swarankar V. Sharma S. Baldi A. Herbal Cosmetics: Used for Skin and Hair. Inventi Rapid: Cosmeceuticals. 2012 December:4:1-8. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ashish-Baldi/ publication/235944029_Herbal_Cosmetics_Used_for_Skin_and_Hair/links/09e4151497b76aa3c5000000/Herbal-Cosmetics-Used-for-Skin-and-Hair.pdf.

3.      Sanjay S. Deepak P. Dharmesh P. An Economical Overview on Herbal Cosmetics. Research J. of Topical and Cosmetic Sci. 2012; 3(1): 4-10. Retrieved from: https://rjtcsonline.com/HTMLPaper. aspx? Journal = Research%20Journal%20of%20Topical%20and%20Cosmetic%20Sciences;PID=2012-3-1-2

4.      Jadhav CA. Vikhe DN. Jadhav RS. Global and Domestic Market of Herbal Medicines: A Review. Research Journal of Science and Technology. 2022: 12(4): 327-330.doi: 10.5958/2349-2988.2020.00 049.2.

5.      Kaul S. Dwivedi S. Indigenous ayurvedic knowledge of some species in the treatment of human disease and disorders. International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences. 2010;1(1):44-7.Retrived from: http:// www. ijplsjournal.com/issues%20PDF%20files/may2010/8._Kaul_Dwivedi.pdf.

6.      Dwivedi S. Dwivedi A. Folklore uses of some plants by the tribals of Madhya Pradesh with special reference to their conservation. Ethno botanical Leaflets. 2008:12: 741-3.Retrieved from: https:/ /core.ac. uk/ download / pdf/60544347.pdf.

7.      Dwivedi S. Kaul S. Ethno medicinal uses of some plants species by ethnic and rural people Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. Pharmaceutical Review. 2008:6(3). Retrieved from: https:// www. researchgate. Net / publication/215629234_Ethnomedicinal_Uses_Of_Some_Plant_Species_By_Ethnic_And_Rural_Peoples_Of_Indore_District_Of_Madhya_Pradesh India.

8.      Deshmukh SD. Chavan MP. Preparation and evaluation of natural Lipsticks from bixaorellana seeds. International Journal of Pharma and Biosciences. 2013: 4(3): 139-4.Retrived from: https://www.ijpbs. net/abstract.php?article=MjQwNA==

9.      Azwanida NN. Hui MS. Color stability evaluation of pigment extracted from hylocereuspolyrhizus, clitoreaternatae and pandanusamaryll folius as cosmetic colorants and premarket survey on customer acceptance on natural cosmetic product. Journal of Tropical Resources and Sustainable Sciences. 2015: 3: 61-7.doi: https: // doi.org/10.47253/jtrss.v3i1.690.

10.    Mali YS. Newad G., Shaikh AZ . Review on Herbal Lipstick. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2022:14(2):113-8.doi: https://doi.org/10.52711/0975-4385.2022.00021.

11.    Ghongade K. Bodake V. Badadare S. Magdum M. Formulation and Evaluation of some Cosmetic preparations using novel natural colorant from Ixora coccinea. Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2021;11(1): 22-28.doi: https://doi.org/10.5958/2231-5659.2021.00004.7.

12.    Avinash MD . Hari AM. Nikam SP. Herbal lipstick formulation: A new approach. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy. 2011;2(6): 1795-97.Retrived from: https: //ijrap. net/ admin /php /uploads/ 719_pdf.pdf.

13.    Elumalai A. Chinna M. Nikhitha M. Formulation and Evaluation of A Herbal Lipstick from Punica granatum Fruit Peel. Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Science 2012: 3(1):20-2.Retrived from: https:// rjtcsonline.com/search.aspx?key=A.%20Elumalai

14.    Pawan NK. Meera D. Avinash BT. Vivek MT. Overview of Herbal Cosmetics. Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Science. 2022: 13(1):27-4. doi: 10.52711/2321-5844.2022.00005

15.    Mamatha T. Nagadivya N. Anupama K. Nazeem B. Afiya B. Formulation and Evaluation of Medicated Lipstick using Natural Coloring Agent. Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Science. 2020: 11(1): 22-3. doi: 10.5958/2321-5844.2020.00005.9.

16.    Anju V. Krishnakumar KK. Dineshkumar B. Anish J. A review on herbal lipstick and natural colors . International Journal of Innovative Pharmaceutical Science and Research. 2017: 5 (3): 15-23.Retrived from: https://www.ijipsr.com/index.php/IJIPSR/article/view/155.

17.    Swati D. Manisha S. Sonia S. Pavankumar K. Dhiraj P. Ganesh N. Formulation and evaluation of natural lipstick prepared from bixaorellana seeds and beta vulgaris root extract and the comparative study. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013;5(4): 68-70. Retrived from: https:// innovareacademics. in /journal/ijpps/Vol5Suppl4/7197.pdf

 

 

 

 

Received on 28.08.2022            Modified on 18.11.2022

Accepted on 06.01.2023           © RJPT All right reserved

Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2023; 16(10):4677-4680.

DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2023.00760