Adolescents considering approval from others as a contributor to Self-Worth.

 

Seema Rani B. N1, Dr. Jayashankar Reddy2

1Ph.D Scholar, AMET University, 135, East Coast Road, Kanathur, Chennai, India.

2Institute of Management, Christ University, Bangalore

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

 

ABSTRACT:

Adolescence is a period that starts from biological puberty till the individual is legally adult.  This stage of life is filled with confusion, energy, and curiosity.  As much as education is going to determine their future, the self-worth they have plays a critical role in choosing the future path.  In India, the adolescents are dependent on their parents and guardians financially.  They need approval from others to be acceptable.  This study focuses on the effective support from others have on their self-worth.

 

KEYWORDS: Contingencies of Self Worth, Self Esteem, Approval from others.

 

 


I. INTRODUCTION:

Adolescents irrespective of their gender are financially dependent on their parents in India. The society accepts them if teenagers behave as per the standards and protocols laid by the elders of the family and educational institutions. Seeking approval becomes critical to the youngsters in all aspects of their lives.

 

Since approval from others directly affects the self-worth, it becomes necessary to understand if there is any significant difference between the way males and females consider endorsements from others as essential or not.

 

II. CONTINGENCIES OF SELF-WORTH SCALE:

This is a 7 point Likert scale that has 35 questions to be answered. It evaluates the contingencies of self-worth.e. The seven domains based on which the individual rates oneself which are Family Support, Competition, Appearance, God's love, Academic Performance, Virtue and Approval from others.

 

The measure is reliable and valid. Does Self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyle? And Manual for Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) is discussed by [1] [2].

 

DEVELOPMENT OF SELF WORTH:

People experience feelings in their childhood that threaten their sense of safety and security. The pursuit of self-validation goals, in turn, regulates anxiety and ensures that fears (e.g., of criticism, of rejection) are kept at bay. The costs of seeking self-esteem. Journal of Social Issues and Level of self-esteem and contingencies of self-worth: Unique effects on academic, social, and financial problems in college students are discussed by [3][4]. Interactions with peers, family members, teachers, and others may shape people's CSWs. People do not simply base their self-esteem in domains that they are good at; for example, basing self-worth on academic competence was not significantly related to domain-specific self-esteem in the academic area (r = –.08). The nature and function of self-esteem: Sociometer theory and Calibrating the sociometer: The relational contingencies of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology are explained by [5] [6]. Instead, people base their self-esteem in domains that are associated with anxiety. Anxiety about being smart or virtuous with one’s peers may reflect underlying anxiety about being accepted versus rejected and feeling safe and secure in one’s relationships. Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity: Implications for mental and physical health, affect, and motivation and Survey on Encryption Techniques used to Secure Cloud Storage System are described by [7] [8].

 

III. SELF ESTEEM:

According to sociometer theory, LSE people operate at an “inclusion deficit.” Because they do not feel included by others, they are highly attuned to signs of potential acceptance and rejection by others, even if the “other” is a stranger and prefer to interact with someone who wants to form a relationship, regardless of how positively they are evaluated. Genetic algorithms based enhanced K Strange points clustering algorithm. In Computing and Network Communications (CoCoNet) and An Efficient Privacy for Outsourcing Data in Un- Trusting Cloud Using Modified- Cp-Abe Technique are explained by [9] [10]

 

IV. METHOD:

Participants:

Samples sizes of 120 adolescents from high school were randomly picked from the central government schools for the study.  The participants were volunteers who agreed to take up the test to know their self-worth scale.

 

Procedure:

All the participants were given instructions about the psychometric test and, the students were given the self-esteem questionnaire.  The test was administered in the last session of the day so as to reduce their anxiety. The participants then marked their answers in the questionnaire.

 

Materials:

Contingencies of self-worth scale test (7 points Likert Scale) by Crocker J (Crocker, Luhtanen, and Cooper, 2003) was administered to both the groups.  The test contained 35 questions. 

 

Qualitative Evaluation: 

The approval from others scores as a contingency of self-worth for each sample was evaluated, and the student’s t-test was performed.

 

V. RESULT:

The t-test done on academic performance as a contingency of self-worth of both male and female samples showed a P value of 0.097752, P>0.05 (Table 1)which indicates that there is no significant difference between the female and male groups.

Table 1:

 

VI. CONCLUSION:

The study revealed that the female and male adolescents of India showed no significant difference in their approval from others as a contingency in self-worth.

 

F- test for the significance of the difference between the variances of the two samples

 

df1

df2

F

P

65

48

1.43

0.097752

[Applicable only to independent samples] p> 0.05 indicates no significant difference detected between the variance of the two samples 

 

 

VII. DISCUSSION:

The adolescents irrespective of their gender showed support from others as a contingency in self-worth.  Both the groups are treated impartially by the society when it comes to seeking approvals.  Both the groups feel it is essential to seek approvals and to get approvals from others enhances their self-worth.

 

VIII. REFERENCES:

1.       Baumeister RF, Campbell JD, Krueger JI, and Vohs KD. (2003). “Does Self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyle?”, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Vol.4(1), pp.1-44.

2.       Coopersmith S. (1981). "Manual for Self Esteem Inventory (SEI)," Consulting Psychologist Press, Palo Alto, California.

3.       Crocker, J. (2002). The costs of seeking self-esteem. Journal of SocialIssues, 58, 597– 615.

4.       Crocker, J., and Luhtanen, R. K. (2003). Level of self-esteem and contingencies of self-worth: Unique effects on academic, social, and financial problems in college students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 701–712.

5.       Leary, M. R., and Baumeister, R. F. (2000). The nature and function of self-esteem: Sociometer theory. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 32, 25–51.

6.       Murray, S. L., Griffin, D. W., Rose, P., and Bellavia, G. (2003). Calibrating the sociometer: The relational contingencies of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 61–84.

7.       Park, L. E. (2005). Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity: Implications for mental and physical health, affect, and motivation. Manuscript in preparation, Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York.

8.       Kirubakaramoorthi, R., Arivazhagan, D. and Helen, D., 2015. Survey on Encryption Techniques used to Secure Cloud Storage System. Indian Journal of Science and Technology8(36).

9.       Johnson, T., and Singh, S.K., 2015, December. Genetic algorithms based enhanced K Strange points clustering algorithm. In Computing and Network Communications (CoCoNet), IEEE, 2015, 737-741.

10.     Amritesh Kumar, Saloni Sinha, Pooja Paul, Shubhangee D Anant, Ms. Adlene Ebenezer, “An Efficient Privacy For Outsourcing Data In Un- Trusting Cloud Using Modified- Cp-Abe Technique," International Journal of MC Square Scientific Research, 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 20.07.2017          Modified on 08.10.2017

Accepted on 01.11.2017        © RJPT All right reserved

Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2017; 10(10):3337-3338.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00592.3