Natural Remedies for Haemorrhoids and Bleeding Piles –An update
Sunanda Rao1 and Lakshmi T.2*
1II BDS, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai
2Reader, Department of Pharmacology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai.
Piles is the most common anal pathology and is usually realized by the person on bleeding during defecation. Bleeding piles is often a scary and possibly embarrassing situation for patients. This leads the patients to ignore the problem until it further aggravates. Piles can be treated at home at early stages while severe cases may have to be treated surgically. Natural plant based drugs used in treatment are Horse chestnut, Aloe Vera, witch hazel, Neem oil, etc.
Haemorrhoids are normal vascular structures present in the anal canal1. They become pathological, i.e piles when they are swollen or inflamed. It is in other words defined as the symptomatic enlargement and distal displacement of anal cushions. There are two types of haemorrhoids namely, internal and external. The various reasons cited are chronic diarrhoea or constipation2,straining in the toilet, lack of exercise, frequent masturbation3,anal intercourse4, aging, pregnancy .Bleeding piles is due to the susceptibility of the anal vein to rupture due to increased intra abdominal pressure.
The faeces is usually of normal colour with blood over it. The blood is generally bright red in colour and is seen on toilet paper and in the toilet bowl.5Severe bleeding to the point of anaemia is rare though possible. Rectal bleeding may not always be the due to piles as is the general assumption. They could also be due to much serious problems like colon cancer6.
General modifications of diet and lifestyle can produce relief from the problem. Other general measures include wearing cotton underwear, using pads, using a sitz bath7, avoiding scratching, not sitting for a long time, etc. Conventional treatment proposed is surgery. Home remedies given in the early stages help prevent surgical treatment.
It is preferred by patients because of ease of access of day to day herbs, privacy, non invasiveness and also the inexpensiveness. The herbs that are focused on are Blueberry, Witch hazel, Butcher's broom, Sesame seeds and oil, Horse chestnut, Jambul fruit, Apple cider vinegar, Cow's urine, Neem oil, Aloe Vera etc.
The scientific name is Vaccinium myrtillus. It is a perennial shrub found in the northern U.S and Europe. It is a blue coloured, bell-shaped fruit with the pulp also of a similar colour. They are rich in bioflavonoids (anthocyanidins) and anti-oxidants. They are used in bleeding piles. The flavonoids are responsible for collagen stabilization and therefore help strengthen blood vessels. This helps reduce bleeding piles on consumption.
The scientific name is Hamamelis virginiana. They grow in partial shade or in sunny areas. The leaves and bark extracts are used. It has astringent, anti inflammatory and local haemostatic effects11.application topically around the rectum can reduce the inflammation and haemorrhage. It helps reduce the discomfort caused due to piles. It helps contract and shrink the blood vessels.
The scientific name is Ruscus aculeatus. Its name comes from its use by butchers to clean the meat stalls to keep flies away12.It is found in the Mediterranean Europe and Africa. The root is used in treatment. It has an initial sweet taste which later turns acidic. The herb has steroids like ruscogenins. Anti-elastase, astringent and anti inflammatory actions present. It reduces the bleeding and soreness. Small amounts of the extract help strengthen blood vessels.
SESAME SEEDS AND OIL:
The scientific name is Sesamum indicum. They are found in the west, Middle East and Far East. They can be of pale or black varieties. The plant grows best in tropical climates. Sesame grows best in sandy, well drained soil with hot climate and moderate rainfall. They are useful in bleeding piles when ground to a paste and given with butter.60g should be eaten chewing it well. Applying sesame oil to the external haemorrhoids provides relief.14
the scientific name is Aesculus hippocastanum. The seeds contain a complex mixture of triterpene saponins collectively referred to as aescins. It also contains flavonoids and tannins. The seeds when administered reduce bleeding significantly.
The scientific name is Syzygium cumini. Jambolan is a large evergreen tree with a greyish brown thick bark, that exfoliates woody scales. The fruit is oval in shape with the colour of the pulp a deep purple. It tends to stain the lip and tongue when eaten. They have a sweet-sour flavour. The fruit should be taken with salt for 2-3 months in its season. Taking the fruit this way every season can prevent bleeding piles. Taking the fruit fresh with honey is also helpful13.
APPLE CIDER VINEGAR14
Consumption or application of apple cider vinegar on the affected area can help relieve bleeding piles; it reduces the size of the haemorrhoids due to its astringent.1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar is taken with a cup of water or herbal tea.
According to a research, it has been proven that consuming cow's urine prevents complications and therefore expensive, painful treatment of grade I and grade II haemorrhoids.cow urine helps in passing out stools easily without straining.
It is the oil obtained from neem seeds. Applying this oil on the affected area twice a day reduces pain and itching thereby reducing the probability of worsening the problem and simultaneously providing relief.
It is used in both internal and external haemorrhoids. It can be applied directly to the anus or a juice of aloe Vera (1 cup thrice a day.)can also be taken. It helps accelerate healing, reduce itching and inflammation. It also helps in stopping bleeding.
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Received on 02.08.2013 Modified on 15.10.2013
Accepted on 22.10.2013 © RJPT All right reserved