2nd International Conference on Fostering Interdisciplinary Research In Health Sciences (ICFIRHS) 2019 (01-May-2019)        |

Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   12

Issue No. :  5

Year :  2019

Pages :   2233-2240

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Comparison of Maternal Nutrition in Second Trimester and Preconception Period: A Cross-Sectional Study



Address:   Behnood Farazmand1, Farnaz Vosough2*, Fereshteh Vosough3
1MD, Resident of General Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2MD, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3MD, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00372.X

ABSTRACT:
Background and Objectives: Pregnancy is one of the most important moments in a woman's life. Maternal nutrition plays a critical role during this period. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the nutritional status of pregnant women referring to the health centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in the second trimester and preconception period. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 99 cases in the second trimester were chosen from the health centers located in the southern district of Tehran during 2015 to 2016. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was utilized to determine the nutritional status of pregnant women in the second trimester and the preconception period by interviewing and using data files. All the analyses were performed by SPSS software (version 15). P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: In this study, the mean age of the subjects was 27.7±5.8 (age range: 18-48). The comparison of 18 nutrients showed that the consumption of 13 nutrients was significantly increased in the second trimester, compared to that in preconception period. The nutrients include calories (P<0.001), protein (P=0.007), carbohydrate (P<0.001), fat (P<0.001), vitamin A (P<0.001), vitamin B1 (P<0.001), vitamin B2 (P=0.026), vitamin B3 (P=0.001), vitamin B6 (P<0.001), vitamin E (P<0.001), Copper (Cu) (P<0.001), Iron (Fe) (P<0.003), and Zinc (Zn) (P<0.002). Conclusion: The requirement for calories, protein, carbohydrate, fat, and most of the nutrients, such as vitamin A, C, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, Cu, Fe, and Zn were provided in the second trimester. However, the requirement for vitamin E intake was not provided in the second trimester. The improvement of maternal knowledge regarding nutrition would lead to healthy food choices, which can increase maternal and fetal health and decrease long-term complications.
KEYWORDS:
Foodstuffs, Nutrition, Nutrients, Pregnancy.
Cite:
Behnood Farazmand, Farnaz Vosough, Fereshteh Vosough. Comparison of Maternal Nutrition in Second Trimester and Preconception Period: A Cross-Sectional Study. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 2019; 12(5):2233-2240.
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