2nd International Conference on Fostering Interdisciplinary Research In Health Sciences (ICFIRHS) 2019 (01-May-2019)        |

Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   11

Issue No. :  9

Year :  2018

Pages :   4200-4208

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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A Review on Chitinase Synthesis from varied sources and its Applications towards Environment



Address:   Nisha Elizabeth Sunny, S. Rajesh Kumar, S. Venkat Kumar*
School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore- 632014, India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00770.9

ABSTRACT:
Chitin is the second most abundant biopolymer widely distributed in the marine and terrestrial environments. It is an insoluble linear polymer of beta-1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). Chitin is abundantly present in the cell wall of fungi, exoskeleton of insects and crustacean cells. In nature, chitin exists as alpha, beta, and gamma crystalline forms. Degradation of chitin can be done using four enzyme systems: endochitinase; N-acetylglucosaminase; polysaccharide monooxygenase, and exochitinase. Endophytes isolated from marine algae have very good potent of producing chitinase and also have a wide application in the medical field like anticancer activity antimicrobial activity and many other industries like food, agriculture etc. Chitinases are applicable in agriculture fields to control pathogens. This review focuses on the major application of chitinase enzymes from different plant and microbial sources.
KEYWORDS:
chitinase, bacteria, fungi, endophytes, biocontrol agent.
Cite:
Nisha Elizabeth Sunny, S. Rajesh Kumar, S. Venkat Kumar. A Review on Chitinase Synthesis from varied sources and its Applications towards Environment. Research J. Pharm. and Tech 2018; 11(9): 4200-4208.
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