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Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   8

Issue No. :  7

Year :  2015

Pages :   885-892

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Boosting of Innate Immunity in Chilli



Address:   Nilanjan Chakraborty1,2, Swarnendu Chandra2 and Krishnendu Acharya2*
1Scottish Church College, Department of Botany, Kolkata – 700006, India.
2Molecular and Applied Mycology and Plant Pathology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, Kolkata - 700019, India.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00144.4

ABSTRACT:
Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), an economically important crop, suffers from many field and post harvest diseases. Traditional pesticide control is hazardous to the environment, giving rise to the search for alternatives. Our objective was to increase the innate defense molecules in chilli by an abiotic (calcium chloride) and biotic (chitosan) elicitors. Foliar applications of elicitors increased ß-1,3 glucanase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, phenylalanine ammonia lyase, catalase and phenolics. Treatment with elicitors elicited production of nitric oxide, an important signalling molecule in plant defense. A single application of a nitric oxide donor increased all molecules of innate immunity supporting the role of nitric oxide as the signalling molecule for elicitor mediated increase of innate immunity.
KEYWORDS:
β-1,3 glucanase, calcium chloride, catalase, chitosan, phenolics, phenylalanine ammonia lyase, peroxidise, polyphenol oxidase.
Cite:
Nilanjan Chakraborty, Swarnendu Chandra, Krishnendu Acharya. Boosting of Innate Immunity in Chilli. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 8(7): July, 2015; Page 885-892.
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