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Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   8

Issue No. :  3

Year :  2015

Pages :   285-291

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Lifestyle Diseases and Their Association with Coffee Consumption at Ipoh, Malaysia



Address:   ATM Emdadul Haque1*, Nurdiyana Binti Mohammed Hashim1, Nurfatin Athira Binti Ruslan1, Mainul Haque2
1Faculty of Medicine, University Kuala Lumpur Royal College of Medicine Perak, No. 3, Jalan Greentown, 30450 Ipoh, Malaysia.
2Professor, Head of the Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 20400 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00048.7

ABSTRACT:
Coffee consumption may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension, as well as other conditions associated with cardiovascular risk such as obesity and depression; but it may adversely affect lipid profiles depending on how the beverage is prepared. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of lifestyle diseases and their association with coffee consumption among people aged 40 years and above. A questionnaire was prepared and distributed among 300 random respondents in Greentown, Ipoh. Results showed that 85% of participants consumed coffee and majority usually drank 2 cups of coffee per day for more than 20 years. Only few got hypertension, ischemic heart disease, hypertension and obesity but that might be due to genetics or taking too much of coffee with sugar. Caffeine, in moderate daily doses of ~300 mg, or ~3 cups of coffee, appeared to be safe and harmless for healthy adults. However, most of the data on health effects due to coffee consumption were based on observation only and association did not prove causation.
KEYWORDS:
Lifestyle, Diseases, Coffee, Consumption, Malaysia.
Cite:
ATM Emdadul Haque, Nurdiyana Binti Mohammed Hashim, Nurfatin Athira Binti Ruslan, Mainul Haque. Lifestyle Diseases and Their Association with Coffee Consumption at Ipoh, Malaysia. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 8(3): Mar., 2015; Page 285-291.
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