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Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   8

Issue No. :  10

Year :  2015

Pages :   1365-1368

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Influence of HIV, Malnutrition and Patient Non-Compliance on the Prevalence and Prognosis of Tuberculosis: A Fatal Infectious Disease



Address:   Uma Sankarviriti*1, Swarna Latha Surakala1, Arun Satyadev Sidhanadam2, Neelima Peela2
1Avanthi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bhogapuram, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2AU College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00244.9

ABSTRACT:
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which accounts for about two million mortality each year throughout the world. Like common cold, it spreads through the air. When a person infected with TB, they propel the causative mycobacterium into the air by cough, sneezes or spits. If it is untreated, person with active TB can infect an average of 10-15 people each year. WHO introduced the current TB control program which are effectively operated namely DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment, Short course) as the tool to control the disease. RNTCP (Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme) follows DOTS strategy to control TB. Here, in this case study collection of RNTCP charts of over hundred cases were done in which different age groups from the hospital were identified and their reasons for non-compliance of patients were observed. Influence of HIV on the prevalence of TB and affect of malnutrition on the prevalence and prognosis of tuberculosis were also observed.
KEYWORDS:
Tuberculosis (TB), DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment, Short course), Mal-nutrition, Non-compliance, RNTCP (Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme) chart.
Cite:
Uma Sankarviriti, Swarna Latha Surakala, Arun Satyadev Sidhanadam, Neelima Peela. Influence of HIV, Malnutrition and Patient Non-Compliance on the Prevalence and Prognosis of Tuberculosis: A Fatal Infectious Disease. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 8(10): Oct., 2015; Page 1365-1368.
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