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Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   6

Issue No. :  9

Year :  2013

Pages :   1004-1009

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Potential of Methanolic Extracts of Adhatoda vasica (Acanthaceae)



Address:   Kokati Vankata Bhaskara Rao*, Minki Munjal, Amie Patnayak, Loganathan Karthik and Gaurav Kumar
Molecular and Microbiology Research Laboratory, Environmental Biotechnology Division, School of Bio Science and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu - 632 014, India
..*Corresponding Author
DOI No: Not Available

ABSTRACT:
The aim of this study was to evaluate Adhatoda vasica leaves for its phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity. Antioxidant activity of methanol extract of A. vasica was estimated by total antioxidant activity, 2,2 diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, reducing power potential and iron chelating activity. Antimicrobial activity was performed by agar gel diffusion method. Estimation of total phenolic content was measured by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method reagent method and estimation of total flavonoid content was performed by aluminum chloride method. Leaves of A. vasica were found to possess sponins, oils and fat, phytosterol, phenolic compounds, tannins, carbohydrate, alkaloids, flavanoids and proteins. Extract showed high antioxidant activity in various antioxidant experiments. The extract of A. vasica showed presence of high levels of polyphenolic compounds (phenolic compounds and flavonoids), which could be the possible reason behind the antioxidant activity of the plant. in addition extract demonstrated moderated antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity (brine shrimp lethality).
KEYWORDS:
Phytochemical analysis, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Phenolic compounds, Flavonoids.
Cite:
Kokati Vankata Bhaskara Rao, Minki Munjal, Amie Patnayak, Loganathan Karthik, Gaurav Kumar. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Potential of Methanolic Extracts of Adhatoda vasica (Acanthaceae). Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 6(9): September 2013; Page 1004-1009.
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