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Journal :   Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Volume No. :   5

Issue No. :  12

Year :  2012

Pages :   1503-1508

ISSN Print :  0974-3618

ISSN Online :  0974-360X


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Evaluation of phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of aqueous extract of Barleria mysorensis and Furcraea foetida leaves



Address:   Jinsu Mathew, Kavita Maria Arora, Akash Mazumdar, Gaurav Kumar, Loganathan Karthik, Kokati Venkata Bhaskara Rao*
Molecular and Microbiology Research Laboratory, Environmental Biotechnology Division, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu - 632 014, India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: Not Available

ABSTRACT:
The objective of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of Barleria mysorensis L. (Acanthaceae) and Furcraea foetida L. (Agavaceae) leaves. Aqueous extract of B. mysorensis and F. foetida leaves were screened for the presence of major phytochemical groups by various biochemical methods. Phytochemical screening of the plant extracts confirmed the presence of tannins, phenolic compounds, saponins, flavanoid and phytosterols in both the extracts, although carbohydrates were present only in F. foetida. Antioxidant activity of extracts was performed by in vitro methods, such as 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and metal chelating activity. Total phenolic content was estimated by Folin-Ciocalteau reagent method. Both extracts execute effective antioxidant activity in both the assay, however, F. foetida exhibit significantlt (p < 0.05) high activity than B. mysorensis. Analysis of total phenolic content in both the extracts exhibited the presence of significant amount of phenolic compounds which could possibly be the reason for antioxidant potential of the tested plants. The results suggest possible use of B. mysorensis and F. foetida for the development of highly potent, safe and novel antioxidant compounds.
KEYWORDS:
Barleria mysorensis, Furcraea foetida, medicinal plants, phytochemical analysis, antioxidant activity.
Cite:
Jinsu Mathew, Kavita Maria Arora, Akash Mazumdar, Gaurav Kumar, Loganathan Karthik, Kokati Venkata Bhaskara Rao. Evaluation of phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of aqueous extract of Barleria mysorensis and Furcraea foetida leaves. Research J. Pharm. and Tech. 5(12): Dec. 2012; Page 1503-1508.
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